Montesquieu


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Related to Montesquieu: Rousseau, Voltaire

Mon·tes·quieu

 (mŏn′tə-skyo͞o′, môN-tĕ-skyœ′)Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu. Title of Charles de Secondat. 1689-1755.
French philosopher and jurist. An outstanding figure of the early French Enlightenment, he wrote the influential Persian Letters (1721), a veiled attack on the monarchy and the ancien régime, and The Spirit of the Laws (1748), a discourse on government.

Montesquieu

(French mɔ̃tɛskjø)
n
(Biography) Baron de la Brède et de (barɔ̃ də la brɛd e də), title of Charles Louis de Secondat. 1689–1755, French political philosopher. His chief works are the satirical Lettres persanes (1721) and L'Esprit des lois (1748), a comparative analysis of various forms of government, which had a profound influence on political thought in Europe and the US

Mon•tes•quieu

(ˈmɒn təˌskyu; Fr. mɔ̃ tɛsˈkyœ)

n.
(Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu) 1689–1755, French philosophical writer.
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Noun1.Montesquieu - French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)Montesquieu - French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
References in classic literature ?
The opponents of the plan proposed have, with great assiduity, cited and circulated the observations of Montesquieu on the necessity of a contracted territory for a republican government.
When Montesquieu recommends a small extent for republics, the standards he had in view were of dimensions far short of the limits of almost every one of these States.
So far are the suggestions of Montesquieu from standing in opposition to a general Union of the States, that he explicitly treats of a confederate republic as the expedient for extending the sphere of popular government, and reconciling the advantages of monarchy with those of republicanism.
Yet Montesquieu, speaking of this association, says: "Were I to give a model of an excellent Confederate Republic, it would be that of Lycia.
As the confederate republic of Germany," says Montesquieu, "consists of free cities and petty states, subject to different princes, experience shows us that it is more imperfect than that of Holland and Switzerland.
Among the advantages of a confederate republic enumerated by Montesquieu, an important one is, "that should a popular insurrection happen in one of the States, the others are able to quell it.
I am an admirer of Montesquieu," replied Prince Andrew, "and his idea that le principe des monarchies est l'honneur me parait incontestable.
Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu advanced an idea of equal distribution of power amongst three pillars of a democratic state; legislative, executive, and judiciary.
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Le juriste francais Jean-Jacques Neuer a publie un blog sur le site d'information Mediapart qui appelle la CJUE a se conformer a la theorie de ''separation des pouvoirs'' chere a Montesquieu.
The theoretical core of Levy's book is found in his contrast between Montesquieu and Voltaire.
Montesquieu senalo en tiempos de la Ilustracion, que el principio basico de la democracia era la virtud, tal como fue ponderada por los antiguos griegos.