muse(redirected from Mousai)
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1. Greek Mythology Any of the nine daughters of Mnemosyne and Zeus, each of whom presided over a different art or science.
a. A guiding spirit.
b. A source of inspiration: the lover who was the painter's muse.
3. muse Archaic A poet.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin Mūsa, from Greek Mousa; see men- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: Ever since Chaucer first mentions the Muses in a work from around 1390, English poets have invoked these goddesses like so many other versifiers since the days of Homer, who begins both The Iliad and The Odyssey with an invocation of his Muse. The word Muse comes from Latin Mūsa, which in turn is from Greek Mousa. In Greek dialects, this word is found in the variant forms mōsa and moisa, and together these indicate that the Greek word comes from an original *montwa. As to the further origins of this form, a clue is provided by the name of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory and mother of the Muses. Her name is simply the Greek noun mnēmosunē, "memory"—the faculty of memory was indeed the mother of invention for the ancient Greek professional poets and bards whose job it was to compose new poems in traditional styles on festive occasions, to recite the verses of Homer, and to improvise material whenever they had a memory lapse. Greek mnēmosunē is derived from the root *mnā-, an extended form of the Greek and Indo-European root *men-, "to think." This is the root from which English also gets the words amnesia (from Greek), mental (from Latin), and mind (from Germanic). The reconstructed form *montwa, the ancestor of Greek Mousa, also comes from this root and probably originally referred to "mental power" that enables poets to craft verses—the Muses were the Greek poets' divinized conceptions of the faculties that help them to create and recite poetry.
v. mused, mus·ing, mus·es
To be absorbed in one's thoughts; engage in thought.
To consider or say thoughtfully: mused that it might take longer to drive than walk.
A state of reflection.
[Middle English musen, from Old French muser (possibly from mus, snout, from Medieval Latin mūsum) and or of Germanic origin.]
1. (when: intr, often foll by on or about) to reflect (about) or ponder (on), usually in silence
2. (intr) to gaze thoughtfully
archaic a state of abstraction
[C14: from Old French muser, perhaps from mus snout, from Medieval Latin mūsus]
(Poetry) a woman who inspires a creative artist, esp a poet
[C14: from Old French, from Latin Mūsa, from Greek Mousa a Muse]
(Classical Myth & Legend) Greek myth any of nine sister goddesses, each of whom was regarded as the protectress of a different art or science. Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, the nine are Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, and Urania
v. mused, mus•ing. v.i.
1. to think or meditate in silence.
2. Archaic. to gaze meditatively or wonderingly.v.t.
3. to say or think meditatively.
[1300–50; Middle English: to mutter, gaze meditatively on < Middle French muser, perhaps ultimately derivative of Medieval Latin mūsum muzzle]
1. one of the nine Greek goddesses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, who presided over the arts: Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, and Urania.
2. (sometimes l.c.) the inspiration that motivates a poet, artist, or thinker.
3. (l.c.) a poet.
[1350–1400; < Middle French < Latin < Greek Moûsa]
Past participle: mused
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|Noun||1.||Muse - in ancient Greek mythology any of 9 daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne; protector of an art or science|
Greek deity - a deity worshipped by the ancient Greeks
|2.||muse - the source of an artist's inspiration; "Euterpe was his muse"|
|Verb||1.||muse - reflect deeply on a subject; "I mulled over the events of the afternoon"; "philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years"; "The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate"|
meditate, mull, mull over, ponder, chew over, think over, excogitate, reflect, ruminate, speculate, contemplate
cerebrate, cogitate, think - use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments; "I've been thinking all day and getting nowhere"
premeditate - think or reflect beforehand or in advance; "I rarely premeditate, which is a mistake"
theologise, theologize - make theoretical speculations about theology or discuss theological subjects
introspect - reflect on one's own thoughts and feelings
bethink - consider or ponder something carefully; "She bethought her of their predicament"
cogitate - consider carefully and deeply; reflect upon; turn over in one's mind
wonder, question - place in doubt or express doubtful speculation; "I wonder whether this was the right thing to do"; "she wondered whether it would snow tonight"
puzzle - be uncertain about; think about without fully understanding or being able to decide; "We puzzled over her sudden departure"
2. To think or think about carefully and at length:
chew on (or over), cogitate, consider, contemplate, deliberate, entertain, excogitate, meditate, mull, ponder, reflect, revolve, ruminate, study, think, think out, think over, think through, turn over, weigh.
brjóta heilann um e-î
to think about a matter usually without serious concentration. mymer يَتأمَّل размишлявам refletir dumat die Muse fundere συλλογίζομαιreflexionar, meditar meelisklema انديشه کردن mietiskellä songer לְהַרהֵר कलादेवी करना, ध्यान करना razmišljati elmélkedik memikirkan brjóta heilann um e-ð riflettere 思にふける 명상하다 svarstyti, mintimis perkratinėti pārdomāt; apcerēt melamun mijmerenfundere, spekulere dumać اندیشه کول reflectir a medita, a cugeta размышлять dumať tuhtati razmišljati fundera, grubbla คิดรำพึง düşünceye dalmak 沈思 роздумувати, розмірковувати غور و فکر کرنا suy tưởng 沉思