(101) See Paul Otto, Real Estate or Political Sovereignty?: The Dutch, Munsees, and the Purchase of Manhattan Island, in OPENING STATEMENTS: LAW, JURISPRUDENCE, AND THE LEGACY OF DUTCH NEW YORK 74 (Albert M.
Historian Paul Otto maintains that the seemingly one-sided nature of the transaction between the Munsee Indians and the Dutch has been grossly exaggerated and misunderstood.
Muncie - whose name derives from the Munsees
, an Indian tribe that originally inhabited the area - grew rapidly from the 1880s onwards with first gas then glass, steel and motor industries.
Though the Stuyvesant administration was "by far the most successful in New Netherland's history" this period saw renewed conflicts with the Munsees
and the loss of the colony to the English in 1664, despite a brief restoration of Dutch rule in 1673-1674 (76).
"First Manhattans: A History of the Indians of Greater New York" is a scholarly report of the Munsees
, a group of Indians loosely within the Delaware nations who made the original land transactions with European settlers for the area known as Manhattan.
In fact, Kaiser shows that Moravians often had difficulty converting Munsees
, when the Moravians went to live among them.
Already joined by Indians driven from the Housatonic valley of Massachusetts, the Oneida lived alongside the Munsees
and Brothertowns, and discussed a voluntary westward migration to escape the pressures of white society.
Through Dutch eyes, the Esopus region was a frontier within the claimed boundaries of New Netherland, a territory where ships and traders passed, sometimes stopping to trade with local Munsees. (4) The land was not truly a part of the Dutch colony until 1652, however, when it was settled by Dutch farmers; even then, their hold was tenuous at best.
The Esopus, like the Dutch, traveled and traded on the Hudson and were part of a larger community of Munsees whose territory stretched, like New Netherland, along the Delaware and Hudson Rivers.
A Dutch presence in the area provided them with easier access to Dutch trade on the Hudson, reducing the interference from Mohawks near Fort Orange and other Munsees at New Amsterdam as well as bringing the Dutch into established Esopus trade networks.
After the so-called Peach War of 1655, which took place primarily in the vicinity of Manhattan and Staten Islands, the Munsees of the lower Hudson lost their sovereignty.
Anthropologist Grumet has written the first complete history of the Munsee
people, best known as the tribe who (probably) sold Manhattan for $24 worth of trade goods.