The families Muraenidae
, Blenniidae, Gobiidae, and Labridae had two species each, and the families Synodontidae, Holocentridae, Cirrhitidae, Sciaenidae, Serranidae, Tripterygiidae, Tetraodontidae, and Diodontidae had one species each.
Behavioral interactions between Caribbean reef fish and eels (Muraenidae
0.08 0.00 0.06 Lutjanus spp.# 0.01 0.00 0.20 Holacanthus ciliaris 0.08 0.05 0.11 Cephalopholis cruentata 0.14 0.00 0.09 Holocentrus adscensionis 0.11 0.11 0.00 Seriola rivoliana# 0.03 0.08 0.09 Halichoeres bathyphilus 0.00 0.00 0.14 Muraenidae
0.01 0.05 0.03 Pomacanthus paru 0.09 0.00 0.03 Rypticus saponaceus 0.10 0.03 0.00 Mycteroperca interstitialis# 0.11 0.03 0.00 Mycteroperca bonaci# 0.06 0.00 0.00 Pseudupeneus maculatus 0.03 0.00 0.11 Acanthurus spp.
Molecular phylogenetics of moray eels (Muraenidae
) demonstrates multiple origins of a shell-crushing jaw (Gymnomuraerza, Echidna) and multiple colonizations of the Atlantic Ocean.
More than 300 fish species have been linked with the incidence of ciguatera among humans, with carnivorous fish including barracuda (Sphyraenidae spp.), parrotfish (Scaridae spp.), moray eels (Muraenidae
spp.), Spanish mackerel (Scombridae spp.), and sea perch and snapper (Lutjanidae spp) possibly the most common sources of the toxins (Lehane et al.
Moray eels (Muraenidae
), also similarly increase in importance during Phase III (9.5 rank), although they are never truly a significant component of the assemblage.
The most common families are the Pomacentridae (angelfish, damselfish and clownfish), the Holocentridae (soldierfish and squirrelfish), Chaetodonitidae (butterfly fish) Acanthuridae (surgeonfish, named for the sharp spines at the base of the tail), the Muraenidae
(moray eels), the Serranidae (sea-bass and groupers), the Scaridae (parrotfish, named for the shape of their mouths, capable of rasping the hard coral), and the Balistidae (triggerfish).
Family and species TC GD Currais Den Bio Myliobatidae Aetobatus narinari CAR CT (tuphrasen, 1790) Muraenidae
Gymnothorax funebris CAR WA 0.60 0.96 (Ranzani, 1839) Gymnothorax moringa CAR WA+CA 0.30 4.20 (Cuvier, 1829) Gymnothorax vicinus CAR TA 0.60 0.74 (Castelnau, 1855) Ophichthidae Myrichthys breviceps MIP WA 0.60 0.74 (Richardson.
* Leptocephalus larvae of three families of eels (Chlop-sidae, Congridae, and Muraenidae
) coil when sus-pended in water, and at least the latter two families exhibit both clockwise and counterclockwise coiling in published figures (Miller, 2009; Miller et al., 2013).
Elasmobranchii (shark and rays), Scombridae (tunas and mackerels) and Muraenidae
(moray eels) were removed from consideration as their numbers were inflated due to the use of vertebrae for quantification.