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Related to Mycobacterial disease: mycobacterium, Nontuberculous mycobacteria


n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease, Ontario, Canada, 1998-2010.
The symptoms of patients in whom mycobacterium could not be isolated, but a diagnosis of mycobacterial disease was
Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome in the South of Brazil.
Primary immunodeficiency leading to mycobacterial disease.
13) Other extrapulmonary manifestations of mycobacterial disease, such as mesenteric lymph node and adrenal calcifications as well as spinal abnormalities, may be visible on conventional radiographs.
Risk factors for nontuberculous mycobacterial disease include defects in the host immune response due to inherited or acquired conditions, particularly those that affect the Th1 cell and macrophage pathways, and exposure to environmental NTMs; repeated surgical interventions in the genitourinary tract could also introduce environmental MAC.
4) PNTM disease: pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease, TB: tuberculosis, BMI: body mass index, AFB: acid fast bacilli.
Mycobacterial disease of the head and neck: Current prospective.
The aim of presenting this uncommon case is to make the physician aware of this simple looking but serious mycobacterial disease and the need to follow the strict aseptic precautions even during the minor procedures.