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Related to Mycobacterial disease: mycobacterium, Nontuberculous mycobacteria


n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease prevalence and risk factors: a changing epidemiology.
Krause, "Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in northern Australia: a case series and review of the literature," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
With the patient's history in mind, the initial working diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma and a differential diagnosis of mycobacterial disease.
The symptoms of patients in whom mycobacterium could not be isolated, but a diagnosis of mycobacterial disease was
Indications for genetic testing were family screening in 1 and disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in another affected individual.
Mycobacterial empyema is a less common but severe complication of the mycobacterial disease [1], with high morbidity and mortality in the absence of timely medical and surgical intervention [2-4].
Couderc, "Genetic susceptibility to mycobacterial disease: Mendelian disorders of the interleukin-12--interferon-axis," Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, vol.
Winthrop, "Nontuberculous mycobacterial disease prevalence and risk factors: a changing epidemiology," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome in the South of Brazil.
Note that, perhaps "Familial" (rather than "Mendelian") "susceptibility to mycobacterial disease" might be a more appropriate term to describe many of these disorders, as "most of these inborn errors do not show complete clinical penetrance for the case-definition phenotype of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial diseases" [2].