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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
In vitro sensitivity of Mycobacterium xenopi to five antibiotics.
recurrentis laboratory-infected lice UR Borrelia recurrentis ATCC Escherichia coli CIP Proteus mirabilis CIP Staphylococcus aureus CIP Streptococcus salivarius CIP Orientia tsutsugamushi CIP Streptococcus pyogenes CIP Mycobacterium xenopi CIP Chlamydia trachomatis Human isolate Propionibacterium acnes UR HGE agent ATCC Bartonella quintana Oklahoma ATCC Tropheryma whipplei Twist UR M.
Clinical and roentgenographic features of nosocomial pulmonary disease due to Mycobacterium xenopi. Am Rev Respir Dis 1981;123:104-9.
Average number of patients per year who had nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated, by body site and species-complex, Ontario, Canada, 1998-2010 * Species Pulm Skin/soft tissue MS Lymph MAC 1,328 8 1 2 Mycobacterium xenopi 568 0.2 0.3 0 M.