myelin

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my·e·lin

 (mī′ə-lĭn) also my·e·line (-lĭn, -lēn′)
n.
A white fatty material, composed chiefly of lipids and lipoproteins, that encloses certain axons and nerve fibers. Also called medulla.

my′e·lin′ic adj.

myelin

(ˈmaɪɪlɪn) or

myeline

n
(Anatomy) a white tissue forming an insulating sheath (myelin sheath) around certain nerve fibres. Damage to the myelin sheath causes neurological disease, as in multiple sclerosis
ˌmyeˈlinic adj

my•e•lin

(ˈmaɪ ə lɪn)

n.
a soft, white, fatty material in the membrane of Schwann cells and certain neuroglial cells of the nervous system: the substance of the myelin sheath.
[1865–70]
my`e•lin′ic, adj.

my·e·lin

(mī′ə-lĭn)
A whitish, fatty substance that forms a sheath around many nerve fibers. Myelin insulates the nerves and permits nerve impulses to travel more rapidly. The white matter of the brain is composed of nerve fibers covered in myelin.

myelin

The fatty white substance forming an insulating sheath around many nerve fibers.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.myelin - a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibersmyelin - a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
medullary sheath, myelin sheath - a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers
fat - a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides); "pizza has too much fat"
Translations
myelin

my·e·lin

n. mielina, sustancia de tipo grasoso que cubre las fibras nerviosas.

myelin

n mielina
References in periodicals archive ?
It is important to identify whether myelin ubiquitination is regulated by neddylation through DCUN1D2 since ubiquitination of myelin proteins may be involved in the pathogenesis of several hereditary peripheral neuropathies.
Effects of progesterone on oligodendrocyte progenitors, oligodendrocyte transcription factors, and myelin proteins following spinal cord injury.
Clinical appearance is similar for CMT disease originating by mutations in many different genes engaged in very diverse affairs coding for structural myelin proteins gap- junction forming proteins cytoskeleton elements enzymes transcription factors and many more.
KineMed's platforms will be utilised to measure the synthesis of certain myelin lipids and protein components, such as cholesterol, galactocerebroside and phospholipids, as well as major myelin proteins, during periods of demyelination and remyelination in animal models.
2335720 covering the manufacture of patient-specific T-cell vaccines created using immunogenic fragments of myelin proteins for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Some found that the T cells involved in each relapse were different and were directed against different myelin proteins.
His team designed customized DNA vaccines containing the genetic material that instructs several myelin proteins, in order to induce maximal immune system tolerance.
use of oils and magnetic fields to grow better quality protein crystals, deals with the use of bioinformatics and mass spectrometry in crystallomics, and discusses the role of molecular mimicry and the structure of amyloid proteins and myelin proteins in diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis.
Indirect support for such a process in MS includes the presence of Th1-type cytokines in the CSF of patients with active disease; (10) a pattern of chemokine receptor expression in circulating and lesion-derived T-cells compatible with a Th-1 driven process; (11,12) and immunopathological similarities with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model in which disease is induced by active immunization with myelin proteins or by adoptive transfer of autoreactive Th 1 cells.
This was measured using Opexa' proprietary Epitope Analysis Assay (EAA) which assessed reactivity across all three key myelin proteins at several time points throughout the 52-week study.
Signal cells chew up myelin proteins and then display the bits to the T cells.
EAE is induced by immunization with myelin, myelin proteins, and myelin protein encephalitogenic epitopes or by the passive transfer of myelin-reactive cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 cells.