myrmecochory


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Related to myrmecochory: Elaiosome

myrmecochory

(ˌmɜːmɪkəʊˈkɔːrɪ)
n
(Botany) the dispersal of fruits and seeds by ants
References in periodicals archive ?
What's more, these plants use a clever seed dispersal tactic known as myrmecochory, where ants are the primary agents of the distribution process.
A similarly strong case for myrmecochory is drawn from the work of Steinberger et al.
Ecological benefits of myrmecochory for the endangered chaparral shrub Fremontodendron decumbens (Sterculiaceae).
This myrmecochory has been well documented in the phasmid Extatosoma tiaratum, whose first instar nymphs go further by mimicking the ants of the genus Leptomyrmex (Mayr) in appearance and behavior (Key 1970): this presumably facilitates escape from the nest to the surface after hatching.
Wall spores found in Polytaenium have micro-ornamentations varying from scattered granules to clustered rod-like structures, none of which appear to resemble the spore walls of the polypods identified by Tryon (1985) as associated with myrmecochory.
Normally, ground-foraging ants collect insects from the leaf litter and ants are not obligately dependent on myrmecochory, but adding the food resource of elaiosomes can increase a nest's production of gynes (virgin queens) (Morales and Heithaus 1998).
Dispersal by ants, myrmecochory, is a special form of dyszoochory and is very important in many herbaceous plants, such as louseworts (Pedicularis), woodrushes (Luzula), asarabacca (Asarum europaeaum), and Galeobdolon [=Lamiastrum] luteum.
Since ants are relatively unaffected by the presence of experimenters and most ants have relatively small foraging ranges, myrmecochory is a highly tractable system for studying seed dispersal.
Effects of ants, ground beetles and the seed-fall patterns on myrmecochory of Erythronium japonicum Decue (Liliaceae).
First evidence of myrmecochory in fleshy-fruited shrubs of the Mediterranean region.