myrmecochory


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to myrmecochory: Elaiosome

myrmecochory

(ˌmɜːmɪkəʊˈkɔːrɪ)
n
(Botany) the dispersal of fruits and seeds by ants
References in periodicals archive ?
Ecological benefits of Myrmecochory for the endangered chaparral shrub Fremontodendron decumbens (Sterculiaceae), Am.
In an impossible-to-pronounce relationship called myrmecochory, ants and plants have a good thing going.
What's more, these plants use a clever seed dispersal tactic known as myrmecochory, where ants are the primary agents of the distribution process.
This is strong evidence for myrmecochory, although it is not clear whether the traps (5-cm diameter, fluid-filled containers) were open to seed rain, as the authors also found mericarps of this species in their seed rain traps (sticky traps).
For species with different fruit types, specific adaptations and seed size [44-46], dispersal methods included anemochory, mammalichory, and myrmecochory on the foreland of Glacier-BSl.
Dispersal distance as a benefit of myrmecochory. Oecologia, 75:507-511.
This myrmecochory has been well documented in the phasmid Extatosoma tiaratum, whose first instar nymphs go further by mimicking the ants of the genus Leptomyrmex (Mayr) in appearance and behavior (Key 1970): this presumably facilitates escape from the nest to the surface after hatching.
Wall spores found in Polytaenium have micro-ornamentations varying from scattered granules to clustered rod-like structures, none of which appear to resemble the spore walls of the polypods identified by Tryon (1985) as associated with myrmecochory.
Dispersal of seeds by ants (myrmecochory) involves many species of plants and ants in mesic habitats of North America (Beattie 1985; Holldobler and Wilson 1990).
On the other hand, sticky funicular outgrowths (arils) that play a role in zoochory (including myrmecochory) evolved four different times in the Aristolochiaceae, once in Asarum, once in Aristolochia odoratissima, once in A.