To the East and many centuries later, the crescent moon appeared in a sculpture called the Stele of Nabonidus
. In ancient Babylon, King Nabonidus
worshipped the moon deity, called Sin, represented as the crescent moon.
Von Soden proposes that the unrest in Uruk refers to the same events that the Nabonidus
stele (VAB 4.274-76) ascribes to the reign of Eriba-Marduk in the late eighth century (1971: 255).
seems also to have engaged in wars with Cilicia.
(11.) Some examples include Sargon of Akkad in the "Weidner Chronicle," Naram-Sin in the "Cuthean Legend of Naram-Sin," and Nabonidus
in the Cyrus Cylinder.
It records the Persian emperor's restoration of shrines dedicated to different gods and his intention to allow freedom of worship to people displaced by the defeated ruler, Nabonidus
It describes Cyrus' capture and deposition of Nabonidus
, last native Babylonian ruler (represented by the Cylinder text as an oppressor of his own people) and proclaims the Persian as a liberator.
Typical for the era, the text begins with criticism of the previous ruler, Nabonidus
(555--539 BC), who perverted ritual practices and abused the people.
who has been disrespectful towards it by deporting its statues
(Historians believe that the people of Babylon, fed up with King Nabonidus
and his much-despised governor, Belshazzar, opened the city gates to the invaders.)
and delivered Nabonidus
, the king who would not lead the akitu new year procession for Marduk, into the hands of Cyrus.
The King Amiditana (1683-47) was warned in a dream that he had to offer a statue of himself to the gods; similar reports were made by Assurbanipal and Nabonidus
. Since most of the extant documents concern public affairs perhaps it is not too surprising that such private dream revelations are exceptional.