naphtha

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naph·tha

 (năf′thə, năp′-)
n.
1. Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
2. Obsolete Petroleum.

[Latin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see npṭ in Semitic roots.]

naph′thous adj.

naphtha

(ˈnæfθə; ˈnæp-)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
2. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
3. (Elements & Compounds) an obsolete name for petroleum
[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]

naph•tha

(ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-)

n.
1. a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate, usu. an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent and as a fuel.
2. any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
[1565–75; < Latin < Greek náphthas, perhaps < Iranian *nafta, derivative of *nab- to be damp]
naph′thous, adj.

naph·tha

(năf′thə)
Any of several products made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Translations

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] Nnafta f

naphtha

nNaphtha nt or f

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] nnafta
References in periodicals archive ?
These units include naphta hydrotreating, vacuum gas oil hydrotreating, amine regeneration unit, catalytic reforming unit and catalytic cracking unit.
Both Leaders also welcomed the cooperation agreement between PT Chandra Asri, ADNOC and OMV on the development of naphta cracker and petrochemical complex.
Elles ont vise jeudi un navire japonais transportant du methanol et un petrolier chypriote transportant du naphta, au moment oo le chef du gouvernement japonais Shinzo Abe etait en visite a Teheran dans l'espoir d'apaiser les tensions entre Iran et Etats-Unis.
Hans Castorp, el narrador, se fascina con la mezcolanza retorica del "judio--jesuita" Naphta, que aborrece la democracia por no ser mas que una forma de dirimir conflictos.
Export of petroleum top naphta surged to $37.56 million from $23.288 million in the period under review last year thus showing an increase of 61.3 percent.
It said alkylate is similar to naphta that is also subject to excise tax under the Tax Code.
Similarly export of petroleum products (excluding top Naphta) also surged to $45.8 million from $33.1 million, showing an increase of $77.98 percent.
He said the refinery would contribute about 271 million litres of refined products, including diesel, kerosene, HPFO and Naphta, annually to the Nigerian economy, thereby serve as import substitution for meeting domestic demand for petroleum products, create direct and indirect employment as well as reduce the demand for foreign exchange to import refined products.
Its major products are Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), gasoline, heavy naphta, aviation jet fuel, kerosene, gas oil, fuel oil, and Sulfur.
"China s tightening of environmental regulations resulted in shortage in supply of pigments that is used as a main raw material and global surge in prices for oil and naphta, etc.
Les quantitUu[c]s produites de Gasoil , BenzUuA ne , Naphta, Butane et Propane, ToluUuA ne et le ParaxylUuA ne ont sensiblement augmentUu[c], aprUuA s rUu[c]habilitation .
petroleum-derived liquid fuels (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, naphta).