A bunny line, which is caused by contraction of the nasalis
muscle, is removed by toxin injection at the nasalis
muscle to a depth of -1.8 mm (median of the nose) (Fig.
Bilateral mucosal resection of the concha nasalis
ventralis was performed with 3-mm punch forceps on all EG and CG animals.
ciconia; in its fades nasalis
, it fuses rostro-laterally with the lateral-caudal facet of the frontal and lacrimal bone region.
EBUS-TBNA (UC260FW, Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was performed to puncture the right tracheobronchial lymph node (#4R) under pharynx nasalis
local anesthesia with lidocaine on July 03, 2015.
Electromyography (EMG) showed lower compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude on the left facial nerve compared with the right side (facial nerve CMAP amplitude recording on musculus nasalis
was 1.8 mV on the right and 0.7 mV on the left; facial nerve CMAP amplitude recording on musculus orbicularis oculi was 1.1 mV on the right and 0.2 mV on the left).
Throughout the postoperative period, the nasalis
muscle of the affected side was slightly weakened but it was completely recovered at 2 months after surgery.
The classical cinch suture uses a 3/0 non-absorbable suture passed through the intra-oral incision, anchoring fibro-areolar tissue under both alae and the transverse nasalis
The dorsal nasal artery travels in the subcutaneous tissue layer of the nasal dorsum on the transverse nasalis
muscle and its midline nasal aponeurosis, which connects the muscles on both sides.
Points, lines and angles used to assess the craniocervical angulation, sagittal position and length of jaws: N--nasion; S--sella; A--subspinale; B--supramentale; Me--menton; Gn--gnathion; A'--projection of the point A on the base plane of the maxilla; snp--spina nasalis
posterior; cv2ip--most inferior and posterior point on the second cervical vertebra corpus; OPTodontoid process tangent through cv2ip point; NS--the anterior cranial base plane; 1.
in cattle was studied and was found to be 81.96%, 88.52%, 95.08% and 100% effective on 5th, 7th, 15th and 30th day post treatment respectively.
Bipolar needle EMG of bilateral facial innervated muscles (orbicularis oris, orbicularis ocoli, nasalis
, and frontalis), trigeminal innervated muscles (temporalis and masseter) and hypoglossal (tongue) demonstrated florid denervation by the way of ample fibrillations (3/4), and positive sharp waves (3/4 for all).
Large carpenter bees in Thailand and biology of Xylocopa nasalis