natural language

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natural language

n.
A human written or spoken language as opposed to a computer language.

natural language

n
1. (Linguistics) a language that has evolved naturally as a means of communication among people. Compare artificial language, formal language
2. (Linguistics) languages of this kind considered collectively

nat′ural lan′guage


n.
a language used as a native tongue by a group of speakers. Compare artificial language.
[1875–80]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.natural language - a human written or spoken language used by a communitynatural language - a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
first language, maternal language, mother tongue - one's native language; the language learned by children and passed from one generation to the next
tonal language, tone language - a language in which different tones distinguish different meanings
creole - a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
American-Indian language, Amerind, Amerindian language, American Indian, Indian - any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
Eskimo-Aleut, Eskimo-Aleut language - the family of languages that includes Eskimo and Aleut
Chukchi language, Chukchi - an indigenous and isolated language of unknown origin spoken by the Chukchi that is pronounced differently by men and women
Sino-Tibetan, Sino-Tibetan language - the family of tonal languages spoken in eastern Asia
Austro-Asiatic, Austro-Asiatic language, Munda-Mon-Khmer - a family of languages spoken in southern and southeastern Asia
Hmong language, Miao, Hmong - a language of uncertain affiliation spoken by the Hmong
Austronesian language, Austronesian - the family of languages spoken in Australia and Formosa and Malaysia and Polynesia
Papuan language, Papuan - any of the indigenous languages spoken in Papua New Guinea or New Britain or the Solomon Islands that are not Malayo-Polynesian languages
Khoisan, Khoisan language - a family of languages spoken in southern Africa
Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European - the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
Ural-Altaic - a (postulated) group of languages including many of the indigenous languages of Russia (but not Russian)
Basque - the language of the Basque people; of no known relation to any other language
Elamitic, Susian, Elamite - an extinct ancient language of unknown affinities; spoken by the Elamites
Cassite, Kassite - an ancient language spoken by the Kassites
Caucasian language, Caucasian - a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that are unrelated to languages spoken elsewhere
Dravidian language, Dravidic, Dravidian - a large family of languages spoken in south and central India and Sri Lanka
Afrasian, Afrasian language, Afroasiatic, Afro-Asiatic, Afroasiatic language, Hamito-Semitic - a large family of related languages spoken both in Asia and Africa
Niger-Kordofanian, Niger-Kordofanian language - the family of languages that includes most of the languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara; the majority of them are tonal languages but there are important exceptions (e.g., Swahili or Fula)
Nilo-Saharan, Nilo-Saharan language - a family of East African languages spoken by Nilotic peoples from the Sahara south to Kenya and Tanzania
artificial language - a language that is deliberately created for a specific purpose
Translations
natürliche Sprache
References in classic literature ?
He had been able to repress every disrespectful word; but the flashing eye, the gloomy and troubled brow, were part of a natural language that could not be repressed,--indubitable signs, which showed too plainly that the man could not become a thing.
'There was one of two ways to be adopted: either to go on to build up a language of signs on the basis of the natural language which she had already commenced herself, or to teach her the purely arbitrary language in common use: that is, to give her a sign for every individual thing, or to give her a knowledge of letters by combination of which she might express her idea of the existence, and the mode and condition of existence, of any thing.
Natural languages format in business designs has been transformed into more formal presentation.
The difference between natural and computer languages is not merely one of degree, with natural languages' involving vocabularies that are several orders of magnitude larger than those of computer languages.
Peer-reviewed and selected for presentation at the Maynooth, Ireland workshop, 11 papers explore controlled natural language from such perspectives as editing with search and exploration for controlled languages, a controlled natural language for financial services compliance checking, automating question generation and marking language learning exercises with isiZulu, controlled natural languages for hazard analysis and risk assessment, automated program synthesis from object-oriented natural languages for computer games, and rewriting simplified text into a controlled natural language.
In addition to allowing more than one way to say the same thing, restricted natural languages use context to determine the meaning of a phrase or command.
Natural languages may map poorly onto the realities of self and world, but mathematics does an equally poor job in a smaller universe.
In this sense, artificial languages have already partially displaced natural languages as the means for storing and representing human knowledge.
By examining parallels between mathematics and natural languages, Sarukkai presents a strong argument for how researchers in both the sciences and the humanities should view scientific discourse.
Implicitly sceptical about the world of semiotics and linguistic philosophers such as Umberto Eco who claimed that, 'architectural language is an authentic linguistic system obeying the same rules that govern the articulation of natural languages', Caroline van Eck argues that, 'By their beauty buildings do not spell out some truth that originated outside the architectural domain', though she also sees them as 'a variety of human communication'.
First published in the 1960s, Language and Mind includes the essays "Form and meaning in natural languages"; "The formal nature of language"; "Linguistics and philosophy"; and "Biolinguistics and the human capacity".

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