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 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Neandertal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western AsiaNeandertal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
genus Homo - type genus of the family Hominidae
human, human being, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
Adj.1.Neandertal - relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
2.neandertal - ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude"
unrefined - (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"For example, all present-day populations show about 2% of Neandertal ancestry which means that Neandertal mixing with the ancestors of modern humans occurred soon after they left Africa, probably around 50,000 to 55,000 years ago somewhere in the Middle East."
L'etude part d'une trentaine de molaires et premolaires retrouvees dans les cavernes de Sima de los Huesos en Espagne, et qui appartenaient aux premiers hommes et femmes de Neandertal. Elle a aussi analyse des fossiles provenant de sept autres especes humaines anciennes.
"Our work demonstrates that the generation of genome sequences from a large number of archaic human individuals is now technically feasible, and opens the possibility to study Neandertal populations across their temporal and geographical range", said Janet Kelso, who co-authored the new study.
The prehistoric man most similar to modern humans is Neandertal Man, "who had brains as large and as complex as our own" (TRINKAUS 1993, p.
That species is probably not Neandertal or Denisovan, but a different, related hominid group, said Bohlender, a statistical geneticist at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston.
Anthropologists who could travel back in time to a neandertal settlement of fifty thousand years ago would almost certainly meet a more hospitable reception and face less danger than they would in any large American city's slums.
Thin on the Ground: Neandertal Biology, Archeology and Ecology
Rosas sintetiza el estado de la cuestion neandertal en sus aspectos esenciales--origen, linaje, debate sobre posibles hibridaciones con poblaciones de humanos modernos procedentes del Este, significado y causas de su extincion, evolucion de los humanos arcaicos, entre otras--, proponiendo un audaz modelo de especializacion rpida en el sur de Europa.
How to Think Like a Neandertal. By Thomas Wynn and Frederick L.