Neanderthal


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Ne·an·der·thal

 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
n.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
adj.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.

Neanderthal

(nɪˈændəˌtɑːl)
adj
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) relating to or characteristic of Neanderthal man
2. primitive; uncivilized
3. informal ultraconservative; reactionary
n
Also: neanderthaler a person showing any such characteristics

Ne•an•der•thal

(niˈæn dərˌθɔl, neɪˈɑn dərˌtɑl)

adj.
1. Also, Ne•an′der•tal` (-ˌtɔl, -ˌtɑl) of or pertaining to Neanderthal man.
2. (often l.c.) primitive, unenlightened, or reactionary.
n.
4. (often l.c.) an unenlightened, old-fashioned, or reactionary person.
[1860–65; after Neanderthal, valley in Germany where evidence of Neanderthal man was first found]
Ne•an′der•thal`er, n.

Ne·an·der·thal

(nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, nē-ăn′dər-tôl′) or Ne·an·der·tal (nē-ăn′dər-tôl′)
An extinct variety of human that lived throughout Europe and in parts of Asia and Africa during the late Pleistocene Epoch, until about 30,000 years ago. Neanderthals had a stocky build and large skulls with thick eyebrow ridges and big teeth. They usually lived in caves, made stone tools, and were the earliest humans known to bury their dead. Neanderthals were either a subspecies of modern humans or a separate, closely related species.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Neanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western AsiaNeanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
genus Homo - type genus of the family Hominidae
human, human being, homo, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
Adj.1.neanderthal - ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude"
unrefined - (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
2.Neanderthal - relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
Translations
homme de Néandertal
ネアンデルタール人
네안데르탈인

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændətɑːl]
A. N (Geog) → Neanderthal m
B. ADJNeanderthal, de Neanderthal
Neanderthal manhombre m de Neanderthal

Neanderthal

adj
(Hist) → Neandertaler attr
(inf) (= brutish) personmassig; appearance, grunt, conversationroh; (= reactionary) person, attitude, viewrückständig; system, methodvorsintflutlich
n
(Hist) → Neandertaler m
(inf) (= brute)Schlägertyp m (inf); (= reactionary)Neandertaler(in) m(f) (inf)

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændəˌtɑːl]
1. adj
a. (Archeol) → neandertaliano/a
b. (pej) (brutish, person, behaviour) → da bruto; (reactionary, politician, attitude) → reazionario/a
2. n (pej) (brute) → bruto/a; (reactionary) → reazionario/a
References in classic literature ?
There was one among the lot, evidently the leader of them, who bore a close resemblance to the so-called Neanderthal man of La Chapelle-aux-Saints.
I did not wish to fire among them unless it became absolutely necessary, and so I started to lead my party around them; but the instant that the Neanderthal man guessed my intention, he evidently attributed it to cowardice upon our part, and with a wild cry he leaped toward us, waving his cudgel above his head.
An examination disclosed that five of our erstwhile opponents were dead and the sixth, the Neanderthal man, was but slightly wounded, a bullet having glanced from his thick skull, stunning him.
The Neanderthal man was something of a care, for we had to keep him in irons all the time, and he was mighty savage when approached; but after a time he became more docile, and then we tried to discover if he had a language.
I see in reading over the last few pages that I neglected to state that Lys finally discovered that the Neanderthal man possessed a language.
But if that's not enough to prove a point, then (https://www.theguardian.com/science/2019/aug/18/five-things-the-neanderthals-could-do) here are five surprising talents that the Neanderthal has, be it simple or complex disciplines:
A small reduction in the fertility rate of young Neanderthal women over a period of thousands of years could account for the extinction of the ancient human species, according to a study published in PLOS ONE on Wednesday.
This divergence time, however, is not compatible with the anatomical and genetic Neanderthal similarities observed in the hominins from Sima de los Huesos.
Researchers from University of Zurich have shown that Neanderthals walked upright just like modern humans, thanks to a virtual reconstruction of the pelvis and spine of a very well-preserved skeleton of an elderly male Neanderthal unearthed in La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France.
"The Neanderthal build is more Usain Bolt than Mo Farah, more muscle than lean, and so perhaps more power sprint than endurance jog." The theory is backed by the discovery of gene variants linked to power bursts in athletes today.
Using accurate replicas of Neanderthal spears dating back 300,000 years, the javelin throwers managed to hit a target up to 20 metres (65.6ft) away.
"Our study suggests that climate change may have had an important role in the Neanderthal extinction," Ersek added.