Near East


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Near East

 (nîr)
A region of southwest Asia generally defined as including Asia Minor, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. The Near East is sometimes considered also to include the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, and the area around the Nile River in northeast Africa.

Near Eastern adj.
Near Easterner n.

Near East

n
1. (Placename) another term for the Middle East
2. (Placename) (formerly) the Balkan States and the area of the Ottoman Empire

Near′ East′


n.
a geographical region usu. considered to encompass the countries of SW Asia, including Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the other nations of the Arabian Peninsula. Compare Middle East (def. 1).
Near′ East′ern, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Near East - the area around the eastern MediterraneanNear East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Operation Desert Storm - the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
Six Day War, Six-Day War, Arab-Israeli War - tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East
Arab-Israeli War, Yom Kippur War - Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur); Israel counterattacked and drove the Syrians back and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt
zarf - an ornamental metal cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee cup
pita, pocket bread - usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling
falafel, felafel - small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds
Fertile Crescent - a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Israel - an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt, United Arab Republic - a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC
Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran, Persia - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Levant - the former name for the geographical area of the eastern Mediterranean that is now occupied by Lebanon, Syria, and Israel
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Jordan - an Arab kingdom in southwestern Asia on the Red Sea
State of Kuwait, Koweit, Kuwait - an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; a major source of petroleum
Lebanese Republic, Lebanon - an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia - an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy
Syria, Syrian Arab Republic - an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization
Republic of Turkey, Turkey - a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
Translations
近東

Near East

n
the Near East → le Proche-Orientnearest and dearest [ˌnɪərɪstənˈdɪərɪSt] npl
sb's nearest and dearest (= friends and relations) → les êtres mpl chers à qn

Near East

n the Near Eastil Medio Oriente
References in classic literature ?
And farther on, from a lull near East Barnet, they saw two trains running slowly one after the other without signal or order--trains swarming with people, with men even among the coals behind the engines--going northward along the Great Northern Railway.
This suggests that both sheep and goats moved together, as they do today, in mixed herds as they diffused out of the Near East," she says.
Better bets are the two Near East Whole Grain Blends that bring sodium levels into the less-outrageous mid-500s.
Now in an updated second edition with extensive new material, Formation Of The Modern State: The Ottoman Empire, Sixteenth To Eighteenth Centuries is a history classic by Rifa'at'Ali Abou-El-Haj, professor of modern Near East and European history.
a New York-area security integrator, installed state-of-the-art telephone access to 27 co-op units at 1001 Park Avenue, and near East 84th Street.
An otherwise fine article on creation that honestly explores the relationships between Genesis and the ancient Near East studiously avoids discussion of how one is to relate Genesis to modern science.
Drawn from the author's ten years of research into archaeological, historical, and linguistic evidence of Etruscan civilization in Europe and the Near East, Mentors To The Romans: The Search for the Etruscans is an in-depth overview of what is known and what can be extrapolated about this ancient and mysterious civilization.
Peter Heine's FOOD CULTURE IN THE NEAR EAST, MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA (0313329567, $49.
This is a lovely and lovingly written work about Petra, capital of the Nabataean kingdom, and arguably the most impressive archeological site in the Near East.
established in 1999 Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies* Washington, D.
You couldn't walk through the two floors of the gallery without bumping into some display of Egyptiana: a table of miniatures and figurines laid out as if in a vitrine at the Louvre; a section of floor covered with fragments of kitschy ceramic decor copied from broken Egyptian reliefs; a wall of photos showing some of the many sphinxes, obelisks, and other Orientalizing ornaments one can see throughout Paris; or a bookshelf containing dozens of volumes on the Near East.
Editorial will cover issues related to the laws of the Near East and their affects on the peoples and countries of the region, issues relating to the theoretical aspects of Islamic law and jurisprudence and its application, and issues relating to the affect of the region's laws on people of the Near East outside the region.

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