Its hanging gardens were one of the seven ancient wonders of the world, commissioned by King Nebuchadnezzar II
According to one legend, the Hanging Gardens were built alongside a grand palace known as The Marvel of Mankind, by the Neo-Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II
(who ruled between 605 and 562 BC), for his Median wife Queen Amytis, because she missed the green hills and valleys of her homeland.
Only about 19% of the curse texts and oath notations date to the Persian period, while 47% come from the time of the Neo-Babylonian kings, with half of those dating to the reign of Nebuchadnezzar II
. The remaining texts in both categories either come from the late Neo-Assyrian period or have date formulas that are too badly broken to decipher.
One example was the construction of the Ishtar Gate in Babylon in 575 BCE by King Nebuchadnezzar II
. Made with glazed bricks, lapis lazuli and measuring more than 11.5m high, this magnificent structure was so admired; it made the initial list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The two most famous kings of this new age were Nabu-apla-usur or Nabopolassar, 626-605 BC, and his son Nabu-kudurri-usur or Nebuchadnezzar II
, 606/5-562 BCE.
That this lion held biblical fame and was one of many lions and Uruks and dragons that lined the ziggurat of Nebuchadnezzar II
. No, to me he was a lone animal without other company, and of mysterious origins.
Neo-Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II
, who reigned 604-562 B.C., was an ambitious builder.
In the exhibition a dynamic Striding Lion terracotta relief once stalked majestically along the throne room of the palace of King Nebuchadnezzar II
. Other famous Babylonian landmarks like the Hanging Gardens, the Tower of Babel and the Ishtar Gate feature in a 3-D fly-through virtual evocation of Babylon.
It was thought to have been built by King Nebuchadnezzar II
in homage to his homesick wife Amytis of Media.
The spectacular stone monument clearly shows the Tower and King Nebuchadnezzar II
, who ruled Babylon some 2,500 years ago.
King Nebuchadnezzar II
, who reigned nearly 2,600 years ago, tried to rebuild the Tower of Babel to a height of almost 300 feet.
Babylon is best known for the Tower of Babel and King Nebuchadnezzar II
, who destroyed Jerusalem.