There are no resistant cereal varieties available and no reliable chemical control options to effectively reduce disease impacts from this necrotrophic
pathogen which causes infection on seminal and crown roots over long periods (Gupta et al.
Stress response and pathogenicity of the necrotrophic
fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata.
Defence signalling against biotrophic pathogen usually involve JA-mediated signalling whereas defence against necrotrophic
pathogens involves SA-mediated signalling.
fungal plant pathogens display different mechanisms to counteract grape chitinase and thaumatin-like protein.
Melzer et al., "Autophagy differentially controls plant basal immunity to biotrophic and necrotrophic
pathogens," The Plant Journal, vol.
Phytotoxic Nep1-like proteins from the necrotrophic
fungus Botrytis cinerea associate with membranes and the nucleus of plant cells.
Changes in Peroxidase Activity in Sunflower during Infection by Necrotrophic
Pathogen Alternaria helianthi.
In both systems, the inoculum of necrotrophic
fungi usually survives until the next wheat growth season as potential inoculum of new pathogen infections.
Ethylene and jasmonic acid (JA) are well known to be the defense hormones in combating necrotrophic
pathogens [17, 18].
Elmaghraby et al., "Pectin methylesterase is induced in Arabidopsis upon infection and is necessary for a successful colonization by necrotrophic
pathogens," Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol.