double negative

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double negative

n.
A construction that employs two negatives, especially to express a single negation.
Usage Note: It is a truism of traditional grammar that double negatives combine to form an affirmative. Readers coming across a sentence like He cannot do nothing will therefore interpret it as an affirmative statement meaning "He must do something" unless they are prompted to view it as dialect or nonstandard speech. Readers will also assign an affirmative meaning to constructions that yoke not with an adjective or adverb that begins with a negative prefix such as in- or un-, as in a not infrequent visitor or a not unjust decision. In these expressions the double negative conveys a weaker affirmative than would be conveyed by the positive adjective or adverb by itself. Thus a not infrequent visitor seems likely to visit less frequently than a frequent visitor. · "You ain't heard nothin' yet," said Al Jolson in 1927 in The Jazz Singer, the first talking motion picture. He meant, of course, "You haven't heard anything yet." Some sixty years later President Reagan taunted his political opponents by saying "You ain't seen nothin' yet." These famous examples of double negatives that reinforce (rather than nullify) a negative meaning show clearly that this construction is alive and well in spoken English. In fact, multiple negatives have been used to convey negative meaning in English since Old English times, and for most of this period, the double negative was wholly acceptable. Thus Chaucer in The Canterbury Tales could say of the Friar, "Ther nas no man nowher so vertuous," meaning "There was no man anywhere so virtuous," and Shakespeare could allow Viola in Twelfth Night to say of her heart, "Nor never none / Shall mistress of it be, save I alone," by which she meant that no one except herself would ever be mistress of her heart. But in spite of this noble history, grammarians since the Renaissance have objected to this form of negative reinforcement employing the double negative. In their eagerness to make English conform to formal logic, they conceived and promulgated the notion that two negatives destroy each other and make a positive. This view was taken up by English teachers and has since become enshrined as a convention of Standard English. Nonetheless, the reinforcing double negative remains an effective construction in writing dialogue or striking a folksy note. · The ban on using double negatives to convey emphasis does not apply when the second negative appears in a separate phrase or clause, as in I will not surrender, not today, not ever or He does not seek money, no more than he seeks fame. Note that commas must be used to separate the negative phrases in these examples. Thus the sentence He does not seek money no more than he seeks fame is unacceptable, whereas the equivalent sentence with any is perfectly acceptable and requires no comma: He does not seek money any more than he seeks fame. See Usage Notes at hardly, scarcely.

double negative

n
(Grammar) a syntactic construction, often considered ungrammatical in standard Modern English, in which two negatives are used where one is needed, as in I wouldn't never have believed it
Usage: There are two contexts where double negatives are used. An adjective with negative force is often used with a negative in order to express a nuance of meaning somewhere between the positive and the negative: he was a not infrequent visitor; it is a not uncommon sight. Two negatives are also found together where they reinforce each other rather than conflict: he never went back, not even to collect his belongings. These two uses of what is technically a double negative are acceptable. A third case, illustrated by I shouldn't wonder if it didn't rain today, has the force of a weak positive statement (I expect it to rain today) and is common in informal English

dou′ble neg′ative


n.
a syntactic construction in which two negative words are used in the same clause to express a single negation.
[1820–30]
usage: The double negative was standard in English through the time of Shakespeare. In Modern English it is universally considered nonstandard: They never paid me no money. He didn't have nothing to do with it. In educated speech or writing, any and anything would be substituted for no and nothing. Certain uses of double negation, to express an affirmative, are fully standard: We cannot sit here and do nothing (meaning “we must do something”). In the not unlikely event that the bill passes, prices will rise (meaning the event is likely). See also hardly.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.double negative - an affirmative constructed from two negatives; "A not unwelcome outcome"
affirmative - a reply of affirmation; "he answered in the affirmative"
2.double negative - a grammatically substandard but emphatic negative; "I don't never go"
negative - a reply of denial; "he answered in the negative"
Translations

double negative

n (Ling) → doppia negazione f
References in periodicals archive ?
Negative concord - such as saying 'I haven't not seen no-one' for 'I haven't seen anyone' - is a strong feature of Welsh.
Ain't is also very frequent in negative concord structures, that is, clauses in which we find two or more negatives, as in (17) and (18), which do not cancel each other out (Huddleston and Pullum 2002: 845).
Negative intensification is achieved through the use of three main mechanisms: certain expressions of negative import, no way being the most common (especially as compared with the language of adults) (19); negative concord structures (20) and some negative polarity idioms (21), (22), (23).
Early Modern English saw negative concord disappear from the mainstream textual record (Nevalainen 1998; Kallel 2005), which may embody natural language change rather than prescriptivist pressure (Mazzon 1994).
1) Early Modern English prose showed variation as regards the syntax of negation, in particular as to whether negative concord or any-series indefinites were used (Nevalainen 1998; Kallel 2005).
Topics include the negative adverbs ne and not, the decline of the negative concord, the development of the auxiliary do in negation, British English dialects in general, Tyneside English, the haven't NP pattern in American English, and subjective meanings of Except-linkage in comparison with Including.
The presence of Negative Concord (NC) and the sentential negative particle ne is investigated in northern, southern, and mixed later Middle English prose texts from around 1400.
Jespersen believed that negative concord (henceforth NC) was related to the negation cycle--a language had NC if its principal sentence negator had relatively little phonetic substance, but lost it when it gained a principal negator with more phonetic substance.
Chapter 1 is merely introductory, tackling general and typological questions: the nature and status of negation versus affirmation, the distinction between sentence and constituent negation, the antagonism between ordinary negation and the so-called metalinguistic negation, and a description and explanation of the negative cycle and negative concord rule.
Chapter 3 is concerned with the Middle Ages and Early Modern English periods with particular attention to the loss of negative concord from the standard, negative attraction, negative raising, negative coordination, constituent and affixal negation, and a stimulating section on dialectal and diachronic negative variation according to different text types.
N-words in negative concord languages such as Spanish or Italian are sometimes licensed without the presence of a c-commanding licenser.
Another major factor that importantly correlates with inversion is multiple negation, or negative concord.