Though the tragic mulatto stereotype evolved, as Sterling Brown explained in his influential 1933 essay on the "Negro Character as Seen by White Authors," from the work of antislavery writers who sought to create "near white" enslaved characters with whom a white audience might sympathize (170), the figure was later exploited by the "Negrophobia
" writers of the 1890s, most famously Thomas Nelson Page and Thomas Dixon, both of whom stressed theories of atavistic violence and animalism.
He writes fiction that is a part of a growing sub-genre of black literature which often announces itself in book titles: Besides White Boys, by McKnight, there is The White Boy Shuffle, by Paul Beatty; Negrophobia
, by Darius James; The Last Integrationist, by Jake Lamar; and Caucasia, by Danzy Senna, just to name a few.
Such suspicions have tended to turn African Americans away from the great tradition of Western learning, shot through as it is with negrophobia
. Recognizing this phenomenon of distrust as well as his students' fascination with Afrocentrism, Moses applauds Afrocentrism's success in disposing such students (especially black men from the working class) to grapple with Western thought.
Cowper - bless him - but to see, say, what went into the making of what, in those days, they called Negrophobia
in Allen xviii); in other words, although Stowe's plan to promote black American characters to leading roles in a work of art was unprecedented and groundbreaking considering the overpowering Negrophobia
of her age, she deserves criticism for her replacement of classic racism with what can be called romantic racialism (Otter 20).
Investigating and foregrounding the clinical system that Fanon devised in an attempt to intervene against Negrophobia
and anti-blackness, this book rereads the clinical and political work of Frantz Fanon, arguing that the two are mutually imbricated.
, not fact, motivated much of the white fears over a putative black influx.
Cowper-- bless him-- but to see, say, what went into the making of what, in those days, they called Negrophobia
. (Major 1998: 304) Liberated from his mortal coil and personal sense of hurt, and having crossed another barrier of the Universal Language in the form of abolitionist ventriloquism--yet another aspect of white cannibalism--Mfu is equipped with both objectivism and sharp tools for analysis and interpretation received from the tricksters.
During these 30 years of struggle for reparations we have had the ability to articulate ideas in a context of extreme criminalization of black immigration (negrophobia
The implementation of poll taxes, literacy and property qualifications, ensured disfranchisement, white supremacy, Negrophobia
, and race chauvinism propaganda.
The answer is muddled by centuries of negrophobia
and anti-Haitianism in the Dominican Republic; beginning with colonization; early border disputes; occupation in the nineteenth century; and Rafael Trujillo's thirty-one-year reign (1930-1961).
An Epidemic of Negrophobia
: Blackness and the Legacy of the U.S.