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n.1.The philosophy of modern thinkers who follow Kant in his general theory of knowledge, esp. of a group of German philosophers including F. A. Lange, H. Cohen, Paul Natorp, and others.
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In NeoKantianism, the ontological dimension in Kant narrows into epistemology--itself an important sign that metaphysics is entering the period of its eventual demise.
Heidegger, German Idealism and NeoKantianism, Nueva York: Humanity Books, 2000, p.
Kristeller's reluctance to countenance the humanists as philosophers is often portrayed as a feature of his personality, but Rubini attributes it instead to his lingering neoKantianism, an influence absorbed through his admired teacher Heinrich Rickert.
Their cross-disciplinary influence had above all to do with a shared effort to overcome the contemporary crisis of the Neokantianism and historicism--and in this attempt, they sought to rethink the human world (or, its relation to the divine, as in the case of theologians), as well as to revise the methods for its study.
Ultimately, I will suggest, by showing that process metaphysics is required to solve the most fundamental problems faced by modern philosophy and science, he demonstrated the superiority of process metaphysics to scientific materialism, Kant and NeoKantianism and Hegelian Absolute Idealism.
Much of Chapter 3 is concerned with the historical background of neoKantianism, which had not only gained currency around the time (late 19th century) but had substantial influence on Nishida.