nerve cell

(redirected from Nerve cells)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Nerve cells: Bone cells

nerve cell

n.
1. See neuron.
2. The body of a neuron without its axon and dendrites.

nerve cell

n
(Anatomy) another name for neurone

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.
click for a larger image
nerve cell

nerve cell

Any of the cells of the nervous system. Nerve cells typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called neuron. See more at cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesnerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations
hermosolu

nerve cell

ncellula nervosa, neurone m
References in classic literature ?
The Hyla is the little green tree frog, and Beale has founded some of his views on protoplasm upon the appearancer, of its nerve cells.
The researchers found that cardiolipin -- a molecule inside nerve cells -- helps ensure that a protein called alpha-synuclein folds properly.
In growing brains, billions of nerve cells must make trillions of precise connections.
June 16, 2016--Researchers here report that a type of lab-grown human nerve cells can partner with heart muscle cells to stimulate contractions.
When newborn babies open their eyes for the first time, they already possess nerve cells specialized in particular stimuli in the visual cortex of their brains - but these nerve cells are not systematically linked with each other.
The research showed that so-called induced pluripotent stem cells have developed to mature nerve cells at two months after transplantation into the stroke-injured cerebral cortex of rats.
Tau proteins are essential components of the nerve cell's neurons, and this death of nerve cells in the brain leads to dementia and the well-known symptoms of Alzheimer's.
Studies conducted on animals by scientists at Jawaharlal Nehru University ( JNU) showed nerve cells increased in size when animals were deprived of " rapid eye movement" or REM sleep, which generally follows deep sleep and is associated with dreams.
When the nerve cells finally relay the brain's instructions to the muscles, the muscles contract or relax as directed to generate motion.
Researchers have long been able to create PD models in laboratory animals by using toxicants that kill dopamine nerve cells in an area of the brain called the substantia nigra.
MRS can measure the amount of important marker chemicals in nerve cells and axons, including, for example, a key byproduct of nerve-cell breakdown, providing yet another way to calculate how much permanent damage has occurred.
Plaques are little dead zones between the nerve cells," explains Lee Eiden of the National Institute of Mental Health's Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Regulation.