nerve cell

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nerve cell

n.
1. See neuron.
2. The body of a neuron without its axon and dendrites.

nerve cell

n
(Anatomy) another name for neurone

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.
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nerve cell

nerve cell

Any of the cells of the nervous system. Nerve cells typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called neuron. See more at cell.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesnerve cell - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations
hermosolu

nerve cell

ncellula nervosa, neurone m
References in classic literature ?
"The Hyla is the little green tree frog, and Beale has founded some of his views on protoplasm upon the appearancer, of its nerve cells. It is a subject in which I take an interest."
To answer this, the scientists used a technique that allowed them to detect the signals in the nerve fibres from a single nerve cell. They examined 100 healthy volunteers and looked for nerve cells that conducted signals as rapidly as the nerve cells that detect touch, but that had the properties of pain receptors, otherwise known as nociceptors.
BONN, Germany, May 14, 2019 -- Nerve cells derived from human stem cells often serve as the basis for research into brain diseases.
Nerve cells that control movement change their size as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progresses, becoming larger than normal at first but then ending up much smaller, a study in mice has shown.
In growing brains, billions of nerve cells must make trillions of precise connections.
When newborn babies open their eyes for the first time, they already possess nerve cells specialized in particular stimuli in the visual cortex of their brains -- but these nerve cells are not systematically linked with each other.
The nerve cells that transmit the signal to the brain often get damaged.
German biologists have transformed stem cells from the spinal cord of mice into immature nerve cells by changing the cellular environment, known as the extracellular matrix, using sodium chlorate.
Researchers in the UK have discovered that the abnormal form of the brain protein tau, which is associated with Alzheimer's disease, not only disrupts nerve cells, but negatively affects healthy tau proteins, too.
Studies conducted on animals by scientists at Jawaharlal Nehru University ( JNU) showed nerve cells increased in size when animals were deprived of " rapid eye movement" or REM sleep, which generally follows deep sleep and is associated with dreams.
The nerve cells stop responding after the monkeys have learned the lesson.