neuron

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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
4,5) Although the term dural ectasia is preferred to describe the optic nerve sheath dilation, optic hydrops, primary cyst of the optic nerve sheath, patulous subarachnoid space, cystic hygroma, arachnoid cyst, and perioptic subdural hygroma terms were all used to describe this entity since its first description in 1918.
These findings were suggestive of a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor.
NF1 patients with neurofibromas have a 10% lifetime risk of developing a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor within one of the lesions.
2) The presence of nodules or nerve sheath granulomas is suggestive of leprosy.
Among their topics are pathogenesis, genetic counseling, diagnosis and overall management, neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors in neurofibromatosis 1, cognitive function and learning disabilities, management of particular features, psychosocial impacts, and practical and quality-of-life issues.
Schwannoma is a benign, slow growing nerve sheath tumour that can arise in any peripheral nerve covered with supporting Schwann cells.
Schwannomas (or neurilemmomas) are benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors that may arise at any point in the peripheral nervous system, and are rarely seen in the parotid gland.
Primary tumors involving the plexus include nerve sheath tumors.
7) Malawer et al first described the use of peripheral nerve sheath catheters for analgesia.
14) They are considered more sensitive and specific than desmin, with myogenin showing no reactivity in other spindle cell proliferations, such as nodular fasciitis, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, leiomyosarcoma, or myofibrosarcoma, which may come in the differential diagnosis.
Histopathology identified the mass as a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor.
Soft tissue masses in which MRI is strongly diagnostic include fatty tumors, nerve sheath tumors, hemangiomas, pigmented villonodular synovitis, and hematomas.