Nestorius


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Nes·to·ri·us

 (nĕ-stôr′ē-əs) Died ad 451.
Syrian-born patriarch of Constantinople whose belief that Mary was the mother only of Jesus's human nature was declared heretical (431).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Nestorius

(nɛˈstɔːrɪəs)
n
(Biography) died ?451 ad, Syrian churchman; patriarch of Constantinople (428–431); deposed for heresy by the Council of Ephesus
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Nes•to•ri•us

(nɛˈstɔr i əs, -ˈstoʊr-)

n.
died A.D. 451?, Syrian ecclesiastic: patriarch of Constantinople 428–431; condemned as a heretic.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Nestorius - Syrian who was a Christian bishop and Patriarch of Constantinople in the early fifth century; one of the major heresies concerning the doctrine of the hypostasis of Christ was named after him (died in 451)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Augustin parle aussi de Nestorius, de Cyrille d'Alexandrie, de l'homme (de [beaucoup moins que]cet homme[beaucoup plus grand que], et pas de l'homme, ou de [beaucoup moins que]l'etre generique[beaucoup plus grand que]), du temps, de la [beaucoup moins que]grace[beaucoup plus grand que], de [beaucoup moins que]la liberte humaine[beaucoup plus grand que], de l'eternite, de la beaute, de l'amour, du style, de l'esperance, de la resistance, de l'existence, du corps, de la vie, de l'Autre, de l'etranger, de la litterature, des [beaucoup moins que]travaux et des jours[beaucoup plus grand que]…
"Treachery like that of Nestorius is rare in the church, but it may happen that some pastors keep silence for one reason or another in circumstances when religion itself is at stake."
In east Syria and the Persian empire, historians of the sixth and seventh centuries writing in Syriac drew upon earlier Greek historians to highlight the role of the disgraced bishop Nestorius in the formation of the Church of the East.
They were Nestorians who came to Asia when their leader Nestorius was condemned as heretic at the Council of Ephesus (431 AD).
More intensely than had been required of their Jewish and apostolic forefathers, Tertullian, Athanasius, Cyril of Alexandria, Nestorius, and others formulated answers to questions arising from their Greco-Roman contexts, that is, to their contemporaries' pointed philosophical questions about God and Jesus the Lord.
Until the fourth century, sects of Christians (early on, the Ebionites, and later, the School of Antioch, most importantly Diodorus of Tarsus and Nestorius) believed that Jesus was the biological son of Mary and Joseph and the adopted son of God.
Since "theologians as diverse as Cyril and Nestorius, Chalcedonians and non-Chalcedonians, Maximus the Confessor and Monothelites all claimed Gregory's authority for their own doctrinal ends" (227), Hofer is more than doubtful about the adequacy of the Dogmengeschichte approach for the different Christologies before Chalcedon, and especially for Gregory's very distinctive account of Christ.
When he discusses Nestorius, the great episcopal heresiarch condemned at Ephesus, he says that his error was to think of himself as "the first and only one to understand Scripture.
Because Nestorius and his followers were condemned as heretics, anathematized and banished from the Western Church.
His conflict with the heretic Nestorius, and the subsequent process by which the heresy was dealt with, first with the approval of the Roman pontiff, and the final condemnation of the heresy by the Byzantine emperor, was to be seen as an ideal process, signifying not only the unity of the Western and Eastern Church but also the unity of the ecclesiastical and temporal power ruling Christendom.