neuroglia


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Related to neuroglia: Schwann cells

neu·rog·li·a

 (no͝o-rŏg′lē-ə, nyo͝o-, no͝or′ə-glē′ə, -glī′-, nyo͝or′-)
n.
The supportive tissue of the nervous system, including the network of branched cells in the central nervous system (astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) and the supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system (Schwann cells and satellite cells). Also called glia.

[neuro- + Medieval Greek glia, glue; see zoogloea.]

neu·rog′li·al adj.

neuroglia

(njʊˈrɒɡlɪə)
n
(Anatomy) another name for glia

neu•rog•li•a

(nʊˈrɒg li ə, nyʊ-)

n.
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a supporting and insulating structure for the neurons.
[1870–75; neuro- + Late Greek glía glue]
neu•rog′li•al, adj.

neuroglia

Cells in nerve tissue that support the cells that convey nerve impulses.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuroglia - sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
interstitial tissue - tissue between the cells of a structure or part in plant or animal
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
astroglia, macroglia - tissue consisting of large stellate neuroglial cells
microglia - neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
oligodendria, oligodendroglia - tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
glioma - a tumor of the brain consisting of neuroglia
References in periodicals archive ?
Transcriptomics studies of aged PFC have consistently reported decrease of the synapsis function and activation of the neuroglia cells (12-15).
Nerves consist of parallelly arranged bundles of delicate fibers sparsely populated by nuclei, presumptively representing neuroglia (Fig.
Moreover, changes in immunoreactivity to GFAP imply modifications in the neuroglia that can be linked directly to the astrocytes and its maturation probably affected by the MSDB protocol; on the other hand, as part of the limitations of this study, this changes in GFAP-marked cell may be partially caused by brain repair activity due to the fundamental role of glial cells to keep the ionic equilibrium, nutrition, and stability of synaptic communication in the brain, as part of the process known as reactive gliosis [37].
Verkhratsky, "Neuroglia in neurodegeneration," Brain Research Reviews, vol.
Finally, neuroglia express inhibitory protective molecules to prevent uncontrolled complement-mediated damage, such as CD59, complement factor H (CFH), and complement receptor-related protein-y (Crry), which mainly interfere with C3 [19, 117].
In the central nervous system, many studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress-induced neuronal and neuroglia death is associated with MST1 activation [6-8].
The satellite cells in these images characterize the morphology of the peripheral neuroglia. Despite exhibiting similar upregulation, each had a different expression pattern.
Immune abnormalities are present in many cases of autism, and inflammatory changes in neurons and neuroglia (supporting cells) have been noted (Chez 2010).
He was interested also in truly histological questions, like neuroglia, modern topic at that time, and published paper about them in Serbian Archive for General Medicine.
This traumatic damage is caused by damage to the retinal ganglion cell, outer nuclear layer, and neuroglia, and the effects on the eye and visual system are diminished (Mohan et al., 2013; Zou et al, 2013; Wang et al., 2014).
(b) Mature neuroglia and vascular proliferation (H&E x200).