Schwann cell

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Schwann cell

 (shwän, shvän)
Any of the cells that surround the axons of the peripheral nerves, forming the myelin sheath of myelinated nerve fibers and providing support for nonmyelinated nerve fibers. Also called neurilemma.

[After Theodor Schwann.]

Schwann′ cell`

a cell of the peripheral nervous system that wraps around a nerve fiber, jelly-roll fashion, forming the myelin sheath.
[1930–35; after T. Schwann, who first described it]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Schwann cell - any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";