neuron

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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

neuron

n neurona
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
SOLNA, Sweden, May 9, 2019 -- Researchers here have developed a stem cell-based model to study the resilience and vulnerability of neurons in the neurodegenerative disease ALS.
A new research, conducted by researchers from the Salk Institute have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
Now, researchers have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
A team of scientists from the Allen Institute for Brain Science dubbed the newly discovered brain cells 'rosehip neurons,' on account of their appearance that resembled a rose after all the petals had fallen out, according to a statement.
LOUIS, Mo., September 7, 2017 -- Scientists here have discovered a new way to convert human skin cells directly into motor neurons. The technique, developed at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
In the CNS, glucose-sensing neurons monitor blood glucose levels and initiate glucoprivic feeding.
Artificial neurons are somewhat crude computational replicas rely on the neural structure of the brain.
Your brain contains about 100 billion microscopic cells, which are called neurons.
The results, published March 27 in Science, draw direct connections between neurons and specific movements.
It is well known that brain structure and function are the most complex organization, which contains hundreds of billions of nerve cells (neurons).
In recent decades, behavior investigation of chaotic neurons including synchronization, particularly under external electrical stimulation (EES; e.g., deep brain stimulation), has become an important area of research in the study of clinical treatment mechanisms for neurodegenerative disorders [1,2].