neuron

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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
The brain must then inform the neurons that control movement about the direction of the odour gradient so that the animal makes the correct navigational choices to ensure that they reach the odour source or escape it.
SOLNA, Sweden, May 9, 2019 -- Researchers here have developed a stem cell-based model to study the resilience and vulnerability of neurons in the neurodegenerative disease ALS.
A new research, conducted by researchers from the Salk Institute have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
Now, researchers have developed a strategy to more easily study the early development of human neurons compared with the neurons of nonhuman primates.
A team of scientists from the Allen Institute for Brain Science dubbed the newly discovered brain cells 'rosehip neurons,' on account of their appearance that resembled a rose after all the petals had fallen out, according to a statement.
LOUIS, Mo., September 7, 2017 -- Scientists here have discovered a new way to convert human skin cells directly into motor neurons. The technique, developed at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
In the CNS, glucose-sensing neurons monitor blood glucose levels and initiate glucoprivic feeding.
Artificial neurons are somewhat crude computational replicas rely on the neural structure of the brain.
Your brain contains about 100 billion microscopic cells, which are called neurons.
The results, published March 27 in Science, draw direct connections between neurons and specific movements.
It is well known that brain structure and function are the most complex organization, which contains hundreds of billions of nerve cells (neurons).
In recent decades, behavior investigation of chaotic neurons including synchronization, particularly under external electrical stimulation (EES; e.g., deep brain stimulation), has become an important area of research in the study of clinical treatment mechanisms for neurodegenerative disorders [1,2].