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An island in the southwest Pacific Ocean north of Australia. The western half is part of Indonesia, and the eastern half forms the major portion of Papua New Guinea. Inhabited by Papuan and Austronesian peoples, it was named by 16th-century European explorers for the Guinea coast of western Africa.
New Guinean adj. & n.
1. (Placename) an island in the W Pacific, north of Australia: divided politically into Papua (formerly Irian Jaya, a province of Indonesia) in the west and Papua New Guinea in the east. There is a central chain of mountains and a lowland area of swamps in the south and along the Sepik River in the north. Area: 775 213 sq km (299 310 sq miles)
2. (Placename) Trust Territory of New Guinea (until 1975) an administrative division of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea, consisting of the NE part of the island of New Guinea together with the Bismarck Archipelago; now part of Papua New Guinea
1. a large island N of Australia, politically divided into the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya (West Irian) and the independent country of Papua New Guinea. 3,480,000; ab. 316,000 sq. mi. (818,000 sq. km).
2. Trust Territory of, a former United Nations trust territory that included NE New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, Bougainville, and other islands, administered by Australia jointly with the Territory of Papua until 1975: now part of Papua New Guinea.
New` Guin′ean, n.
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|Noun||1.||New Guinea - a Pacific island to the north of Australia; the 2nd largest island in the world; the western part is governed by Indonesia and the eastern part is Papua New Guinea|
Independent State of Papua New Guinea, Papua New Guinea - a parliamentary democracy on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea; in 1975 it became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations
Papuan - a native or inhabitant of Papua New Guinea or New Guinea