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Abbr. NM or N.M. or N.Mex.
A state of the southwest United States on the Mexican border. It was admitted as the 47th state in 1912. Site of prehistoric cultures that long preceded the Pueblo civilization encountered by the Spanish in the 1500s, the region was governed as a province of Mexico after 1821 and ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. The original territory (established 1850) included Arizona and part of Colorado and was enlarged by the Gadsden Purchase of 1853. Sante Fe is the capital and Albuquerque the largest city.
New Mexican n. & adj.
(Placename) a state of the southwestern US: high semiarid plateaus and mountains, crossed by the Rio Grande and the Pecos River; large Spanish-American and Indian populations; contains over two-thirds of US uranium reserves. Capital: Santa Fé. Pop: 1 874 614 (2003 est). Area: 314 451 sq km (121 412 sq miles). Abbreviation: N. Mex. or NM (with zip code)
a state in the SW United States. 1,819,046; 121,666 sq. mi. (315,115 sq. km). Cap.: Santa Fe. Abbr.: NM, N. Mex., N.M.
New` Mex′i•can, n.
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|Noun||1.||New Mexico - a state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border|
southwestern United States, Southwest - the southwestern region of the United States generally including New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Nevada, California, and sometimes Utah and Colorado
Carlsbad Caverns National Park - a national park in New Mexico featuring what is probably the world's largest cavern with spectacular underground formations
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
Albuquerque - the largest city in New Mexico; located in central New Mexico on the Rio Grande river
Carlsbad - a town in southeastern New Mexico on the Pecos River near the Mexican border; potash deposits
Farmington - a town in northwestern New Mexico
Gallup - a town in northwestern New Mexico near the Arizona border
Las Cruces - a town in southern New Mexico on the Rio Grande
Los Alamos - a town in north central New Mexico; in 1942 it was chosen as a nuclear research site where the first atomic bombs were produced
Roswell - a town in southeast New Mexico
capital of New Mexico, Santa Fe - capital of the state of New Mexico; located in north central New Mexico
Silver City - a town in southwestern New Mexico
Taos - an artist colony in northern New Mexico
Chihuahuan Desert - a desert in western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico
Canadian River, Canadian - a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma
Carlsbad Caverns - a group of caverns in southeastern New Mexico noted for their stalactites and stalagmites
Cimarron, Cimarron River - a river that rises in northeastern New Mexico and flows eastward into Oklahoma where it becomes a tributary of the Arkansas River
Colorado Plateau - a large plateau to the south and west of the Rocky Mountains; abuts mountains on the north and east and ends in an escarpment overlooking lowlands to the south and west; the Grand Canyon is carved out of the southwestern corner
Gila, Gila River - a river that rises in western New Mexico and flows westward through southern Arizona to become a tributary of the Colorado River
Guadalupe Mountains - a mountain range in southern New Mexico and western Texas; the southern extension of the Sacramento Mountains
Llano Estacado - a large semiarid plateau forming the southern part of the Great Plains
Pecos, Pecos River - a tributary of the Rio Grande that flows southeastward from New Mexico through western Texas
Sacramento Mountains - mountain range in New Mexico to the east of the Rio Grande
Wheeler Peak - a mountain peak in northeastern New Mexico in the Rocky Mountains