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Arians and their sympathizers at Nicaea, having denied the full divinity of Jesus, had also consigned his Spirit to the status of a mere creature, one whose glory was on loan from on high.
He has rightly pointed to the dynamis-energeia contrast applied to the Logos as, in all likelihood, derived by Marcellus from Constantine's mediating attempts at Nicaea, to basic similarities in theology (monotheism, one ousia in God, eternity of the Logos, etc.), and to other features of the imperial cult echoed in Marcellus.
When read accurately, Tertullian moves the tradition a long way toward (and maybe beyond) both Nicaea and Chalcedon, and Alexandre does not ignore that contribution.
There were even political reasons for holding the Great Council in his summer residence on Lake Nicaea. While Constantine leaned against Arius' position, even he oscillated over the course of the next five years despite having manipulated an anti-Arian statement of faith at Nicaea.
Barth's insistence that Christ is God in the sense of Nicaea and Chalcedon grows from and is inseparable from his great vision of the eternal redemption of all humanity by God united to man in Christ.
540) as one who preserved and systematized crucial elements in earlier Greek philosophical and theological vocabulary to open promising ways of seeing as a continuous whole the Church's mainstream doctrines and dogmas of Nicaea, Constantinople, and Chalcedon.
The Second Council of Nicaea in 787 rejected iconoclasm on incarnational and sacramental grounds: "If the Son of God had come into the world of visible realities -- his humanity building a bridge between the visible and the invisible -- then, by analogy, a representation of the mystery could be used -- as a sensory evocation of the mystery."
At the same time, he might have paid more attention to the fact that while the bishops at Ephesus, Chalcedon, Constantinople III, and Nicaea II welcomed the doctrinal judgments of the popes and eventually confirmed them, they insisted that they must first study them in the light of Scripture and tradition before coming to the conciliar decision that would settle the issue.
Indeed, the First Council of Nicaea in 325 explicitly forbade such transfers, and it was not until 882 that someone was elected as Bishop of Rome who was already the bishop of another diocese.
They were written perhaps during his journey to the Council of Nicaea in 325' (p.
Although he was not a major figure in the fourth century, Marcellus of Ancyra became well known, and even notorious in the 50 years following the Council of Nicaea because of the mostly negative reaction to his teaching.
What my students first found interesting was canon 18 of the Council of Nicaea, the church's first ecumenical council, in 325: