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A country of Central America on the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Various Indian peoples, including the Miskito, inhabited the area when Columbus visited in 1502. Spanish settlement began in 1524. The colony was ruled as part of Guatemala until 1821, when the entire region gained independence. Since its designation as a republic in 1838, Nicaragua has had a turbulent history, with frequent intervention by foreign powers. Managua is the capital and the largest city.
Ni′ca·ra′guan adj. & n.
Nicaragua(ˌnɪkəˈræɡjʊə; -ɡwə; Spanish nikaˈraɣwa)
1. (Placename) a republic in Central America, on the Caribbean and the Pacific: colonized by the Spanish from the 1520s; gained independence in 1821 and was annexed by Mexico, becoming a republic in 1838. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: córdoba. Capital: Managua. Pop: 5 788 531 (2013 est). Area: 131 812 sq km (50 893 sq miles)
2. (Placename) Lake Nicaragua a lake in SW Nicaragua, separated from the Pacific by an isthmus 19 km (12 miles) wide: the largest lake in Central America. Area: 8264 sq km (3191 sq miles)
Nic•a•ra•gua(ˌnɪk əˈrɑ gwə)
1. a republic in Central America. 4,717,132; 50,193 sq. mi. (130,000 sq. km). Cap.: Managua.
2. Lake, a lake in SW Nicaragua. 92 mi. (148 km) long; 34 mi. (55 km) wide; 3060 sq. mi. (7925 sq. km).
Nic`a•ra′guan, n., adj.
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|Noun||1.||Nicaragua - a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821|
Central America - the isthmus joining North America and South America; extends from the southern border of Mexico to the northern border of Colombia
Nicaraguan - a native or inhabitant of Nicaragua
Nicaragua[ˌnɪkəˈrægjʊə] N → Nicaragua f
Nicaragua[ˌnɪkəˈrægjuə] n → Nicaragua m
n → Nicaragua nt