Niger


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Niger

Ni·ger

 (nī′jər, nē-zhâr′)
A country of west-central Africa. The Tuareg and Hausa established states in the late Middle Ages, and the region was dominated by the Songhai and Bornu empires in the 1500s. Niger came under the French sphere of influence after the Conference of Berlin (1884-1885) and was made a separate colony within French West Africa in 1922. It achieved independence in 1960. Niamey is the capital and the largest city.

Ni′ger·i·en n. & adj.

ni·ger

 (nī′jər)
n.
A plant (Guizotia abyssinica) of the composite family native to northeast Africa, having yellow flower heads and grown for its oil-rich seeds, often used for birdseed.

[From earlier niger seed, probably after the Niger River in West Africa, where it is widely grown.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Niger

n
1. (Placename) a landlocked republic in West Africa: important since earliest times for its trans-Saharan trade routes; made a French colony in 1922 and became fully independent in 1960; exports peanuts and livestock. Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: franc. Capital: Niamey. Pop: 16 899 327 (2013 est). Area: 1 267 000 sq km (489 000 sq miles)
2. (Placename) a river in West Africa, rising in S Guinea and flowing in a great northward curve through Mali, then southwest through Niger and Nigeria to the Gulf of Guinea: the third longest river in Africa, with the largest delta, covering an area of 36 260 sq km (14 000 sq miles). Length: 4184 km (2600 miles)
3. (Placename) a state of W central Nigeria. Capital: Minna. Pop: 3 950 249 (2006). Area: 76 363 sq km (29 476 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Ni•ger

(ˈnaɪ dʒər, niˈʒɛər)

n.
1. a republic in NW Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. 9,962,242; 489,141 sq. mi. (1,267,000 sq. km). Cap.: Niamey.
2. a river in W Africa, rising in S Guinea and flowing into the Gulf of Guinea. 2600 mi. (4185 km) long.
Ni•ge•ri•en (naɪˌdʒɪər iˈɛn) adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Niger - an African riverNiger - an African river; flows into the South Atlantic
Benin, Dahomey, Republic of Benin - a country on western coast of Africa; formerly under French control
French Guinea, Republic of Guinea, Guinea - a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958
French Sudan, Mali, Republic of Mali - a landlocked republic in northwestern Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; Mali was a center of West African civilization for more than 4,000 years
Republic of Niger, Niger - a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert
Federal Republic of Nigeria, Nigeria - a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country
2.Niger - a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert
capital of Niger, Niamey - the capital and largest city of Niger
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Niger, Niger River - an African river; flows into the South Atlantic
Nigerien - a native or inhabitant of Niger
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
Niger
Niger
NiĝerlandoNiĝero
Niger
Niger
Niger
ニジェール
니제르
Niger
Niger
ไนเจอร์
nước Niger

Niger

[ˈnaɪdʒəʳ] N (= country, river) → Níger m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

Niger

[niːˈʒɛər] n (= country) → Niger m
[ˈnaɪdʒər] (= river) → Niger m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Niger

nNiger m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

Niger

[ˈnaɪdʒə] n (country, river) → il Niger m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

Niger

الْنَيّجَرُ Niger Niger Niger Νίγηρας Níger Niger Niger Niger Niger ニジェール 니제르 Niger Niger Niger Níger Нигер Niger ไนเจอร์ Nijer nước Niger 尼日尔
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
here, far water-locked; beyond all hum of human weal or woe; in these most candid and impartial seas; where to traditions no rocks furnish tablets; where for long Chinese ages, the billows have still rolled on speechless and unspoken to, as stars that shine upon the Niger's unknown source; here, too, life dies sunwards full of faith; but see!
After this there remained for Severus, who wished to make himself master of the whole empire, two difficulties; one in Asia, where Niger, head of the Asiatic army, had caused himself to be proclaimed emperor; the other in the west where Albinus was, who also aspired to the throne.
Because, from Mungo Park, assassinated on the Niger, to Vogel, who disappeared in the Wadai country; from Oudney, who died at Murmur, and Clapperton, lost at Sackatou, to the Frenchman Maizan, who was cut to pieces; from Major Laing, killed by the Touaregs, to Roscher, from Hamburg, massacred in the beginning of 1860, the names of victim after victim have been inscribed on the lists of African martyrdom!
Lawrence, the Mississippi, the Amazon, the Plata, the Orinoco, the Niger, the Senegal, the Elbe, the Loire, and the Rhine, which carry water from the most civilised, as well as from the most savage, countries!
We hope by this time next year to have from a hundred and fifty to two hundred healthy families cultivating coffee and educating the natives of Borrioboola-Gha, on the left bank of the Niger."
There are several species of a family allied in structure and manners to our Starling: one of these (Molothrus niger) is remarkable from its habits.
Is it the source of the Nile, or the Niger, or the Mississippi, or a Northwest Passage around this continent, that we would find?
The government of Niger has awarded China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) a second operating permit in the Agadem block and plans to export the oil via Chad and Cameroon, state television reported.
The Government of Niger continues to maintain security checkpoints in Niamey to address security concerns.
Historians of the Urhobo people and the Western Niger Delta on Nigeria' Atlantic coast where they live argue that Edoid-speaking progenitors of the Urhobo initially settled on the western banks of two tributaries of the Niger River--the Ase and the Patani-- through the waterways of the Niger River, and that they were able to clear the dense rainforest only because they had acquired metal tools, thus marking the transition from Late Stone Age to Iron Age.
'The officials in Niger should be responsible enough and cooperate with us to establish friendly and brotherly relations based on mutual respect and without intervening in each country's internal affairs,' Zidan said.
The French firm Areva has a monopoly on uranium ore mining in Niger. The Niger government has been unhappy about that and has said it is looking to diversify.