Niger-Congo


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Related to Niger-Congo: Bantu languages

Ni·ger-Con·go

 (nī′jər-kŏng′gō)
n.
A large and widely dispersed language family of sub-Saharan Africa that includes the Mande, Atlantic, and Volta-Congo branches.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Niger-Congo

n
(Languages) a family of languages of Africa consisting of the Bantu languages together with most of the languages of the coastal regions of West Africa. The chief branches are Benue-Congo (including Bantu), Kwa, Mande, and West Atlantic
adj
(Languages) relating to or belonging to this family of languages
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Ni•ger-Con•go

(ˈnaɪ dʒərˈkɒŋ goʊ)

n.
a family of African languages, spoken from Senegal eastward to Kenya and over most of equatorial and S Africa, and having as branches West Atlantic, Mande, Gur, Kwa, Benue-Congo, and Adamawa-Eastern.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Niger-Congo - a family of African language spoken in west Africa
Sango - a trade language widely used in Chad
Niger-Kordofanian, Niger-Kordofanian language - the family of languages that includes most of the languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara; the majority of them are tonal languages but there are important exceptions (e.g., Swahili or Fula)
Bantoid language, Bantu - a family of languages widely spoken in the southern half of the African continent
Gur, Voltaic - a group of Niger-Congo languages spoken primarily in southeastern Mali and northern Ghana
West African - a group of languages spoken in the extreme western part of West Africa
Mande - a group of African languages in the Niger-Congo group spoken from Senegal east as far as the Ivory Coast
Kwa - a group of African language in the Niger-Congo group spoken from the Ivory Coast east to Nigeria
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The features of the language of Black or African Americans, i.e., United States slave descendants of West and Niger-Congo African origin, has been recognized, described and discussed for several decades.
Whether or not these hybrid speech genres are a species of African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) or something like Bombay Bazaar Hindi-English (BBHE), whether the grammatical structure of "Ain't nobody sing like Chaka Khan" comes from the Niger-Congo Basin, or the rhetorical particularity of "Miss Pushpa is smiling and smiling/ even for no reason" can be traced back to Hindi speech patterns common to Bombay's Bhindi Bazaar, the world of these utterances cannot be reduced to the description of speech as an "object" of linguistic study or a functionalist form of verbal communication without doing violence to the living tongue.
Faraclas identifies a feature common in Caribbean creoles--declarative rising intonation contours--that may reflect the influence of non-European feminized speech (present in Niger-Congo, but occurring also in Celtic, as well as in white middleclass American/British English).
(1) Kirundi (Niger-Congo, Bantu) (adapted from Mel' cuck and Bakiza 1997: 286) a.
Contributors cover such topic as synchronic and diachronic evidence for parallels between noun phrases and sentences, the development of Creole languages, oppositions from proto-Indo-European to Latin, the development of early to late Latin, the history of two Greek tenses, actionality and aspect in Hittite, imperfectivity and complete events, transitions in Portuguese and Spanish, the old Nordic middle voice, tense and aspect in Semitic languages, the verb phrase in the Kerebe language, comparative TAM morphology in Niger-Congo, indexicals in Australian languages, and differential object marking in Sahidic Coptic.
Focus strategies in African languages; the interaction of focus and grammar in Niger-Congo and Afro-Asiatic.
Some of the 60 lesser-known languages of the Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, currently believed to be part of the Atlantic-African language group (part of the Niger-Congo family), will never be documented; they disappeared decades ago or on the verge of extinction.
For instance, although the Hausa people speak an 'Afro-Asiatic' language, they have little or no Eurasian element in their genetic profile while the Fulani who speak a Niger-Congo language have substantial Eurasian elements in their gene pool.'
Swahili is a Bantu language and it belongs to the Niger-Congo language group.
Kofi Yakpo and Adrienne Bruyn show that Sranan locative constructions were modeled on a Niger-Congo substrate but also retain lexifier features and have undergone contact-induced and language-internal change.

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