is, as a world in which Catholicism, atheism, and 'nigromancy
(35) "surpassed all men of his time for wisdome: excelling them [...] chiefly in the art of Nigromancy
, by the which he brought to passe many great matters, which seemed beyond the capacity of men" (Munday 305).
At line 10439 Schone reverses Eckermann's conjecture of 'Nekromant' in favour of H's and C41's 'Negromant', arguing that Goethe may have been aware of the Renaissance distinction between black magic ('nigromancy
') and magical communion with the dead ('necromancy') and citing parallels in the manuscript and 1818 edition of Goethe's translation of Benvenuto Cellini.