nihilism

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ni·hil·ism

 (nī′ə-lĭz′əm, nē′-)
n.
1. Philosophy The doctrine that nothing actually exists or that existence or values are meaningless.
2. Relentless negativity or cynicism suggesting an absence of values or beliefs: nihilism in postwar art.
3.
a. Political belief or action that advocates or commits violence or terrorism without discernible constructive goals.
b. also Nihilism A diffuse, revolutionary movement of mid-19th-century Russia that scorned authority and tradition and believed in reason, materialism, and radical change in society and government through terrorism and assassination.
4. Psychiatry A delusion, experienced in some mental disorders, that the world or one's mind, body, or self does not exist.

[Latin nihil, nothing; see ne in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

ni′hil·ist n.
ni′hil·is′tic adj.
ni′hil·is′ti·cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

nihilism

(ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
n
1. a complete denial of all established authority and institutions
2. (Philosophy) philosophy an extreme form of scepticism that systematically rejects all values, belief in existence, the possibility of communication, etc
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a revolutionary doctrine of destruction for its own sake
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the practice or promulgation of terrorism
[C19: from Latin nihil nothing + -ism, on the model of German Nihilismus]
ˈnihilist n, adj
ˌnihilˈistic adj

Nihilism

(ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzəm)
n
(Historical Terms) (in tsarist Russia) any of several revolutionary doctrines that upheld terrorism
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ni•hil•ism

(ˈnaɪ əˌlɪz əm, ˈni-)

n.
1. total rejection of established laws and institutions.
2. anarchy, terrorism, or other revolutionary activity.
3.
a. the belief that all existence is senseless and that there is no possibility of an objective basis for truth.
b. nothingness or nonexistence.
4. (cap.) a 19th-century Russian political philosophy advocating the violent destruction of social and political institutions to make way for a new society.
[1810–20; < Latin nihil nothing (variant of nihilum; see nil) + -ism]
ni′hil•ist, n., adj.
ni`hil•is′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

nihilism

the belief that existence is not real and that there can be no objective basis of truth, a form of extreme skepticism. Cf. ethical nihilism. — nihilist, n., adj.
See also: Philosophy
the principles of a Russian revolutionary movement in the late 19th century, advocating the destruction of government as a means to anarchy and of ten employing terrorism and assassination to assist its program. — nihilist, n., adj.nihilistic, adj.
See also: Government
total rejection of established attitudes, practices, and institutions. — nihilist, n.nihilistic, adj.
See also: Attitudes
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nihilism - a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
2.nihilism - the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal
delusion, psychotic belief - (psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary
3.nihilism - complete denial of all established authority and institutions
anarchy, lawlessness - a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

nihilism

noun
1. negativity, rejection, denial, scepticism, cynicism, pessimism, renunciation, atheism, repudiation, agnosticism, unbelief, abnegation These disillusioned students embraced agnosticism, atheism, and nihilism.
2. anarchy, disorder, lawlessness This moral nihilism has proved both irresponsible and politically counter-productive.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
nihilizmus
nihilismi
nihilizam

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪlɪzəm] Nnihilismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪlɪzəm] nnihilisme m
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

nihilism

nNihilismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

nihilism

[ˈnaɪɪˌlɪzm] nnichilismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ni·hil·ism

n. nihilismo, en psiquiatría una idea ilusoria en la cual nada es real o inexistente.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012