2350), who "made a binding agreement with the god Ningirsu
that he would never subject the orphan or widow to the powerful." (15) The texts describing Urukagina's reforms became classic works of statecraft and were recopied many times in later centuries.
"I have revealed to Atrahasis a dream, and it is thus that he has learned the secret of the gods." The most archaic example (c.2450) comes from the Vulture stele, where the King of Lagash, engaged in battle with his enemy Umma, reports how the god Ningirsu
appeared to him in his sleep to reassure him of the good outcome.
The oldest text (220 B.C.) refers to the "temple of seven stories," dedicated to Ningirsu
, the patron deity of Lagash.
(15.) See, e.g., in Anton Moortgat, The Art of Ancient Mesopotamia: The Classical Art of the Ancient Near East (London: Phaidon, 1969), the naked prisoners contained within the net held by Ningirsu
on the obverse of the Stele of Vultures (fig.
104):</p> <pre> an zag-gal-la mu-na-tus/an-ra [.sup.d]en-lil im-ma-ni-us / [.sup.d]en-lil-ra/ [.sup.d]nin-mah mu-ni-us (Gudea) seated An for him (= Ningirsu
) at the seat of honor (lit.
In this passage the Anunna gods and Gudea were making ritual (purification and dedication) preparations for Ningirsu
, the patron deity of Lagash, and his spouse, Baba (or Bau), to enter in and occupy the newly constructed temple.
That such carts were specific to particular cults and ritually tied to the deity to whom the stela is dedicated is suggested by the fact that while both show "bull-men" gatekeepers in divine headgear in the lower portion of the cart, the Gudea images show an Anzu-bird grasping symmetrical prey, an emblem sacred to Ningirsu
of Lagash, while the "Ur-Nammu" fragment shows rearing bovids, the sacred bull-calves of Nanna.
The other detail is Hansen's identification of Anzu as the symbol of Ningirsu
35): "He defeated the cities of Ansan and Elam and brought the booty therefrom to Ningirsu
in his Eninnu.
The theology of Lagash revolved around Ningirsu
, "the lord of Girsu," the capital city of the Lagash city-state, a leading actor in the outgoing Early Dynastic Period and once again in the late Sargonic Period.