The 103-point average difference for this component in 2017, a nonelection
year, was larger than the previous high of 91 points recorded in the election years of 2004 and 2012.
Boom growth occurs during election years, while bust growth occurs in nonelection
Because there are few peaceful and participatory ways of addressing ethnic tensions in nonelection
years here, elections often devolve into an outlet for expressing pent-up frustrations.
2012) found that the industry-level return volatility becomes significantly higher in national election periods than in nonelection
2 million day in May of a nonelection
year would be inconceivable.
Evidence from nonelection
, off-year election, and presidential election contexts.
in the United States, since 1970, election turnout has been between 50% and 55% during presidential election years, and between 35% and 40% during nonelection
years), countries with some abstention sanctions unsurprisingly show rather high participation rates, with turnout often exceeding 90%, regardless of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita.
The average coefficient for sitting presidents in nonelection
years is lower than when they are on the ballot but still quite substantial.
In an attempt to ensure the smooth running of the democratic process, the South Lebanon governorate said that it would stop processing nonelection
related paperwork until May 26.
In his 2011 paper, Abbott found that in the nonelection
period from 2006 the opposition is rarely mentioned at all.
He finds that tax rates were higher with wider electoral margins when there were leftist incumbents and in nonelection
In the same vein, Durnev (2011) attributes the decrease of investment sensitivity to stock prices during political election years (compared to nonelection
years) to the decrease in the informativeness of stock prices.