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also a·nae·mi·a  (ə-nē′mē-ə)
A pathological deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number.

[New Latin, from Greek anaimiā : an-, without; see a-1 + haima, blood.]


(Pathology) the usual US spelling of anaemia
[C19: from New Latin, from Greek anaimia lack of blood]


(əˈni mi ə)

1. a reduction in the hemoglobin of red blood cells with consequent deficiency of oxygen in the blood, leading to weakness and pallor.
2. a lack of power, vigor, vitality, or colorfulness.
[1800–10; < New Latin < Greek anaimía want of blood. See an-1, -emia]


A condition in which the concentration of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin is too low to supply enough oxygen to the tissues of the body. See also sickle cell anemia.

anemic adjective

anemia, anaemia

1. a lack of blood in the body.
2. a low proportion of red cells in the blood. — anemic, anaemic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.anemia - a deficiency of red blood cellsanemia - a deficiency of red blood cells  
aplastic anaemia, aplastic anemia - anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
erythroblastosis fetalis - severe anemia in newborn babies; the result of Rh incompatibility between maternal and fetal blood; typically occurs when the child of an Rh-negative mother inherits Rh-positive blood from the father; can be diagnosed before birth by amniocentesis
congenital pancytopenia, Fanconi's anaemia, Fanconi's anemia - a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
favism - anemia resulting from eating fava beans; victims have an inherited blood abnormality and enzyme deficiency
haemolytic anaemia, hemolytic anemia - anemia resulting from destruction of erythrocytes
hyperchromic anaemia, hyperchromic anemia - anemia characterized by an increase in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
hypochromic anaemia, hypochromic anemia - anemia characterized by a decrease in the concentration of corpuscular hemoglobin
hypoplastic anaemia, hypoplastic anemia - anemia resulting from inadequately functioning bone marrow; can develop into aplastic anemia
iron deficiency anaemia, iron deficiency anemia - a form of anemia due to lack of iron in the diet or to iron loss as a result of chronic bleeding
ischaemia, ischemia - local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
macrocytic anaemia, macrocytic anemia - anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is larger than normal
microcytic anaemia, microcytic anemia - anemia in which the average size of erythrocytes is smaller than normal
malignant anaemia, malignant anemia, pernicious anaemia, pernicious anemia - a chronic progressive anemia of older adults; thought to result from a lack of intrinsic factor (a substance secreted by the stomach that is responsible for the absorption of vitamin B12)
refractory anaemia, refractory anemia - any of various anemic conditions that are not successfully treated by any means other than blood transfusions (and that are not associated with another primary disease)
crescent-cell anaemia, crescent-cell anemia, drepanocytic anaemia, drepanocytic anemia, sickle-cell anaemia, sickle-cell anemia, sickle-cell disease - a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks; characterized by abnormal blood cells having a crescent shape
blood disease, blood disorder - a disease or disorder of the blood
2.anemia - a lack of vitalityanemia - a lack of vitality      
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
3.anemia - genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid frondsAnemia - genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America
family Schizaeaceae, Schizaeaceae - small family of mainly tropical ferns
Anemia adiantifolia, pine fern - fern of Florida and West Indies and Central America with rhizome densely clad in grown hairs
fern genus - genera of ferns and fern allies


(əˈniːmiə) (American) anemia noun
a medical condition caused by not having enough red cells in the blood.
aˈnaemic adjective
suffering from anaemia.


n. anemia, insuficiencia hemática o de glóbulos rojos en calidad, cantidad o en hemoglobina;
aplastic ______ aplástica, falta anormal de producción de glóbulos rojos;
hemorrhagic, hemolytic ______ hemorrágica, hemolítica, destrucción progresiva de glóbulos rojos;
hyperchromic ______ hipercrómica, aumento anormal en la hemoglobina;
hypochromic microcytic ______ hipocrómica microcítica, (células pequeñas), deficiencia de glóbulos rojos en menor cantidad que de hemoglobina;
macrocytic ______ macrocítica, glóbulos rojos de un tamaño exagerado (anemia perniciosa);
sickle cell ______ de glóbulos falciformes;
iron deficiency ______ por deficiencia de hierro.


n anemia; aplastic — anemia aplásica; hemolytic — anemia hemolítica; iron deficiency — anemia ferropénica (form), anemia por deficiencia de hierro; pernicious — anemia perniciosa; sickle cell — anemia falciforme or drepanocítica or de células falciformes; sideroblastic — anemia sideroblástica
References in periodicals archive ?
In September 2016, routine screening of a female infant aged 9 months in Manchester, Connecticut, showed normocytic anemia and a blood lead level of 41 [micro]g/dL (levels exceeding 5 [micro]g/dL are abnormal) (1).
Increased rouleaux formation was observed on peripheral smear examination in all cases; 87% of the cases showed a normocytic normochromic anaemia.
Laboratory tests showed marked renal impairment (serum creatinine level 1 096 [micro]mol/L), with a normocytic anaemia, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (105 mm/h) and an elevated C-reactive protein level of 65 mg/L.
In the current study, hemato-biochemical analysis revealed mild normocytic normochromic regenerative anemia, normocytic hypochromic anemia and macrocytic-normochromic anemia, slightly elevated WBC count (in all cats) with mild basophilia and monocytosis.
Hematological analysis revealed normocytic normochromic anemia (MCV: 23%; hemoglobin: 7.
Normocytic normochromic anaemia was the dominant morphological pattern seen in 49% patients.
Glucagonoma, due to oversecretion of glucagon is associated with a characteristic paraneoplastic phenomenon, called glucagonoma syndrome, which consists of specific rash known as necrolytic migratory erythema (NME), mild diabetes mellitus (DM), weight loss, normochromic normocytic anemia, glossitis, stomatitis, hypoaminoacidemia, deep vein thrombosis and depression [7].
Haemogram of the infected animals revealed normocytic normochromic anaemia which reflects destruction of RBCs by parasite and activation of haemopoitic system in response to erythrophagocytosis (Kumar and Sangwan, 2010).
Hemograms depicted severe, regenerative, normocytic, normochromic anemia and a strong negative correlation with sonographic length, width and depth; thrombograms revealed significant thrombocytopenia on Day 11 (Pless than 0.
Red blood cells showed anisopoikilocytosis with the predominantly normocytic normochromic picture [Figure 1]b.
The relevent laboratory findings were Hb- 8mg%, TLC-15,000/mm, (3) TPC-3-6 lacs/mm, (3) ESR-50mm in the 1st hour, positive C-reactive protein and IgM Rheumatoid factor, normocytic normochromic anemia without any atypical cells, normal chest X-ray and negative MP-QBC.