The millennia-long experience of the region's first Americans also carries strong implications for future sustainable use not just of the Northern Paiute
homeland, but the much larger Great Basin region of Oregon, Nevada and Utah.
This dialect of Northern Paiute
is down to its last handful of speakers.
This item immediately precedes an article of equal length about Old Winnemucca, the father of Northern Paiute
activist and author Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins.
Growing up as she did in a contact zone, Sarah Winnemucca occupied social and geographical places that would come deeply to inform her rhetorical advocacy "for the far-off plains of the West" and for the Northern Paiute
tribes (Life 207).1 While a rich body of scholarship lays out the influence of Winnemucca's social place on her discursive strategies, the influence of Winnemucca's physical place on her rhetorical practices has been consistently overlooked.' Yet, as this essay seeks to demonstrate, physical places and the discourses that shape them are critical to Winnemucca's rhetorical choices and to the ultimate success of her rhetoric.
The archaeological record suggests that Northern Paiute
women living in the town "played an essential role in the preservation of their families and traditional culture" (82).
MEDIAN INCOME $51,413 Southern Ute Colorado $46,638 Campbell Ranch (Northern Paiute
) Nevada $32,500 Havasupai Arizona $26,250 Pine Ridge (Sioux) South Dakota $24,396 Squaxin Island Washington $20,250 Sault Sainte Marie (Chippewa) Michigan $18,750 SOURCE: U.S.
The Shoshone were the most numerous of these people, though the Coso also included the southern and northern Paiute
. Between them, these groups left behind a personal history that scientists are just now beginning to properly decipher.
They include an African-American entrepreneur, a northern Paiute
activist, an Ursuline nun, an enslaved Chinese settler, and a Chippewa-Cree basketball player.
This paper recounts the story of education pioneer Sarah Winnemucca (1844-1891), a self-educated Northern Paiute
Indian who spent her life trying to improve the living conditions and education of the Paiutes.
Numa are better known now as the Northern Paiute
(meaning "water over there") Indians.
Corbett Mack: The Life of a Northern Paiute
. As told by Michael Hittman.