Nostratic


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Related to Nostratic: animism, Nostratic theory

Nos·trat·ic

 (nə-străt′ĭk)
n.
A hypothetical language proposed as the parent language of Afro-Asiatic, Altaic, Dravidian, Indo-European, Kartvelian, Uralic-Yukaghir, and perhaps other language families.

[Danish nostratisk, from Latin nostrās, nostrāt-, belonging to our country or people, from noster, our, ours; see nes- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Nos•trat•ic

(nɒˈstræt ɪk)
n.
a proposed family of languages comprising the Indo-European, Afroasiatic, Uralic, and Dravidian families, as well as the Altaic languages and the family of indigenous Caucasian languages that includes Georgian.
[< Dan nostratisk (Holger Pedersen, 1924) < Latin nostrāt- (s. of nostrās) of our country]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
nostratique
References in periodicals archive ?
BomhardAR (1994) The Nostratic macrofamily: a study in distant linguistic relationship.
(4) The Russians Illic-Svitych and Dolgopolsky reconstructed the superfamily to which Indo-European and other major language families belonged (Afro-Asiatic, Kartvelian, Uralic, Altaic, and Dravidian) and termed this proto language Nostratic. (5) The geneticist Cavalli-Sforza compared genetic groupings of humans and Greenberg's linguistic classification and found a high degree of similarity.
The second lemma is said to derive from Greek and the first either from Turkish, from PIE or even Nostratic. However, both have Wanderwort characteristics.
Originally interested in whether Indo-European might be related to Semitic languages, the author has since become a strong proponent of the theory that Indo-European is one of many daughter languages of a Nostratic macrofamily of Afrasian, Elamo-Dravidian, Kartvelian, and Eurasiatic.
There can be little doubt that Illic-Svityc was influenced by his ideas concerning Nostratic, a super-family that includes Altaic, Uralic, and Indo-European among several other language groups--Afro-Asiatic, Kartvelian, and Dravidian.
In this connection mention should also be made of the nostratic theory, of the typology of linguistic universals, and of the Sprachbunde.
Of course, it is possible a language phylum larger than Altaic was involved -- Nostratic or Eurasiatic would be obvious candidates -- but this creates the additional problem of accounting for the absence of reduplication in most branches of these macro-families as well as all the problems already mentioned for Tungusic.
The Dravidian family, the like Indo-European family, belongs to the Nostratic superfamily, which according to some authors was spoken in Asia Minor more than 12,000 years ago.
Indo-European, Nostratic, and Beyond: Festschrift for Vitalij V.
Bomhard AR (1994) The Nostratic macrofamily: a study in distant linguistic relationship.