First, the Kantian "critique," which separated the noumenal
from the phenomenal realm, limited our knowledge to the latter, and posited that we can know phenomena only to the extent that our senses, understanding, and reason allow.
As against scholarship of literary celebrity that has implicated industrial printing processes in the alienation of likeness that defines celebrity, Egan insists on the special relevance of the handpress processes still disseminating Byron's books, which foregrounded a contradiction between their promise of the "noumenal
, transcendent interiority" of an author and their "unstable particulars." Partly, Byron's story is one of rare but disastrous intervention in his "material conditions of publication," or his failure to stabilize inappropriately private subject matter via the authority of expensive print processes (177).
So reason is not a special kind of faculty which exists in some noumenal
and mental domain; rather it is a specific manner of cultural and linguistic experience, so customs and traditions take a great part in the construction of reason.
I thus use the word "noumenal
", borrowed from Kant, to describe objects that can either be subject or object.
Strawson--to naturalize Kant's notion of the transcendental self, the argument being that self-consciousness should refer to neither a kind of noumenal
nor mental self but that the self-conscious subject must conceive of itself as an embodied entity, a person among persons that regards itself as an element of the objective order of the world.
The will is the realm of the subject and exists entirely outside of time and space, and Schopenhauer explains that his idea of the will is analogous to Immanuel Kant's concept of the noumenal
: it is "the being-in-itself of every thing in the world, and is the sole kernel of every phenomenon" (p.
Empiricism, however, also went through a crisis in England due to its own limitations, namely that it made no provision for the noumenal
, and that senses themselves are often limited or misleading (63).
El filosofo destaca que el ser humano no es solo la <<carne>>, sino que el hombre se constituye tambien por algo inmaterial: <<In our engagement with music, as in our engagement with people, something noumenal
"inside" us is directly in contact with something noumenal
"outside" us>> (p.
Kant  (1724-1804) held that some things can be known by our experience of them (the phenomenal) while others cannot: they can be known only in themselves (the noumenal
Wariboko claims that Pentecostalism closes the space between the thing-in-itself, the experience of the noumenal
, and phenomenal knowledge.
as if the true subject itself--the noumenal
subject, not the
But according to Stuart for Coleridge the Fall of Adam was "secondary, posterior" and "phenomenal" to a spiritual Fall that was "noumenal
." This "pre-Adamatic" sin is the Original Sin perennially present in human nature.