Followers of Novatian
denied that baptized Christians needed either law or gospel to lead them to repentance since forgiveness would not be granted to baptized Christians who committed sin (even if they repented).
Defending the legitimacy of the election of Cornelius as bishop of Rome against the charges made against it by his rival Novatian
, Cyprian wrote:
It was slow poison lowering all my powers of hope." Newman replied that his doctrine in the Parochial Sermons was "in great measure Novatian
; not substantially wrong in what I said of Baptism, but defective because I did not know the Sacrament of Penance.
5, Fathers of the Third Century: Hippolytus, Cyprian, Caius, Novatian
, Appendix (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1886).
They included Novatian
, the priest who governed the diocese of Rome for more than a year between the death of Cornelius's predecessor, Fabian, and the election of Cornelius himself to the papacy.
In the Latin text Tertullian uses "corporis" to describe the divine body in his analogy with the human body, an extremely physical reference: "Quanta erit diversitas divini corporis et humani." In De Trinitate, chapter 5, Novatian
follows Tertullian's line in accepting that God really does exhibit and experience those emotions commonly thought of as negative, and he agrees that this is possible due to the difference between God's and man's substance: "If we read of His wrath, and consider certain descriptions of His indignation, and learn that hatred is asserted of Him, yet we are not to understand these to be asserted of Him in the sense in which they are human vices.
heretics of the third century considered any breach in the baptismal covenant to be completely irreparable; they "denied that any man could have [grace] again, after he had once lost it, by any deadly sin committed after Baptisme" (Sermons 5:86).
See Philo's frequent translation of "Israel" into Greek; Clement of Alexandria, Paedagogos 18.104.22.168; Hippolytus, Contra Noetum 5.4; many places in Origen; Novatian
, De trinitate 19; Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio evangelica 7.8.28; 11.6.31; 11.15.3; Demonstratio evangelica 5.11.2; 7.2.36; 7.3.45; Athanasius, Expositiones in Psalmos, PG 27.296; Ambrose, Explanatio psalmarum xii, Ps.
The second type concerns a schism within a (local) catholic Church (such as in Rome at the time of Cornelius and Novatian
, or Antioch at the time of Meletius and Paulinus).
Hubmaier mentioned Novatian
twice in his writings, and agreed with Zwingli that he "acted badly" when he demanded re-baptism for the lapsed.
A third chapter focuses on leadership in the midst of crisis and conflict, first with reference to Cyprian and the supporters of Novatian
, then to the course of North African rigorist conflicts and their `resolution' by imperial and Latin ecclesiastical authorities, and finally with respect to the court of battles of Hilary and Ambrose against pro-Arian celebrities.
's (De trinitate 17-19 and 26), and Cyprian's (Ad Quirinum 2.5-6; 2.19) interpretations of the Old Testament theophanies with Augustine's explanations of them in his De trinitate, Books 2-3.