cell nucleus

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Noun1.cell nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproductioncell nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
pronucleus - the nucleus of the ovum or sperm after fertilization but before they fuse to form the nucleus of the zygote
karyoplasm, nucleoplasm - the protoplasm that constitutes the nucleus of a cell
nucleole, nucleolus - a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
chromatin, chromatin granule - the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
achromatin - the part of a cell nucleus that is relatively uncolored by stains or dyes
linin - an obsolete term for the network of viscous material in the cell nucleus on which the chromatin granules were thought to be suspended
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
cell organ, cell organelle, organelle - a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; "the first organelle to be identified was the nucleus"
subthalamic nucleus - an oval mass of grey matter located in the caudal part of the subthalamus; associated with the striate body
References in periodicals archive ?
recently identified an autoantibody reactive with 155/140 kDa nuclear proteins, which could serve as a serological marker for the disease [7].
By combining proteomic and biophysical assays, we will identify nuclear proteins that are post-translationally modified in response to mechanical stress, then we will determine their contribution to gene expression regulation and vascular cell differentiation.
For investigation of nuclear proteins the following unique fusion protein expression vectors are now available:
Nuclear proteins were isolated from treated and control HUVEC cells and were subjected to Western blotting to assess NF-[kappa]B p65 subunit.
73-163 in Histones and Other Basic Nuclear Proteins, L.
The pellets were then mixed with 40 [micro]g of nuclear proteins prepared from JEG-3 cells and incubated at 4[degrees]C overnight.
Put simply, epigenetics is the study of changes in gene function that occur without a change in the body's genetic code, instead relying on epigenetic markers on, among others, the DNA and certain nuclear proteins to turn genes "on" and "off.
BRD-NUT oncoproteins: a family of closely related nuclear proteins that block epithelial differentiation and maintain the growth of carcinoma cells.
Another equally abundant PTM is O-GlcNAc modification of Ser and/or Thr in cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins.
Cancer Research Centre, Quebec) uses contributions from experts around the world to discuss such topics as physical and mechanical properties of the nucleus, the nuclear envelope, modifications of nuclear proteins and protein dynamics in the nucleus.

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