Could the OAU
have prevented such agitations and conflicts, or were they simply inevitable?
In addition, he also recognised that through the transition of the OAU
to the AU, African countries and peoples have striven for political unity, economic development, and an improvement in the quality of human life.
As laid out in the OAU
Charter and the Constitutive Act of the AU, the continental Organization has been entrusted with policy formulation, coordination, and harmonization as well as monitoring and evaluation of implementation of the policies and decisions or commitments of the OUA/AU.
Former President of Zambia, Kenneth Kaunda, who was present at the signing of the OAU
Charter in 1963 animated the cultural evening with a message to the new generation and a song in honour of women that aroused a lot of emotion and determination from the crowd.
Since then, the African Union -- as it has been called since 2002 -- has "shifted focus from supporting liberation movements in the erstwhile African territories under colonialism and apartheid, as envisaged by the OAU
since 1963 and the Constitutive Act, to an organization spear-heading Africa's development and integration" according to its (http://www.
The idea of unity had repeatedly fallen down on the principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of another sovereign state - the OAU
was virtually powerless in the face of repeated military coups, civil war and even genocide in Rwanda in 1994.
Pan Africanism reflects the long history of African civilisations as the cradle of humankind, and is at the heart of the formation and existence of the OAU
and now the African Union.
The Iranian foreign ministry spokesman noted that Iran has observer status at OAU
and it usually takes part OAU
's summit meetings.
Sam Nujoma, is scheduled to give a public lecture and share his recollections of the Founding of the OAU
at the same occasion.
Trying to find their way out in the era of independence, the OAU
was established to help the 50-plus member states tend to issues of common interest.
This year, 25 May-Africa Day-is of special significance because it is the 10th anniversary of the formation of the African Union (AU), which succeeded the OAU
(Organization for African Unity) and has continued to build on the mandate and achievements of the OAU
, while also making efforts at realizing the vision and objectives of the AU," the parliament said in a statement.
When the founding fathers of the AU's predecessor, the OAU
, met in Addis Ababa in 1963, the need for Africans to unite and decide their own destiny came into sharp focus.