The Republic of Korea (ROK, hereinafter referred to as Korea) is an exemplary country that successfully converted from a recipient of ODA
to a donor country.
Helping make this possible were the proceeds from so-called official development assistance (ODA
) loans from countries offering the Philippines below-market credit assistance.
Although putting up more Odas
seem to be the logical solution to the problem, some residents in affected areas are opposing it because of the perception that increased radio frequency (RF) exposure from the Odas
might be a risk factor for cancer.
According to Globe, residents in Dasmarinas who oppose the use of ODAS
are violating the rights of other residents.
According to Dasma Cares, EMF radiation from cell towers and ODAs
has been classified by the World Health Organization as category 2B or possibly carcinogenic, the same category to which synthetic insecticide DDT, lead and exhaust fumes belong.
Despite aid from the United States being put on hold, the Duterte administration has attracted close to P1 trillion in official development assistance (ODA
) from economic giants China and Japan in its first seven months in office.
As bilateral ODAs
were cheaper, Pernia said the government might pursue infrastructure projects through a mix of public-private partnership (PPP) and ODA
or government funding.
According to NEDA's 2017 ODA
Portfolio Review Report, disbursement rate, or the actual disbursement level as a percentage of target disbursement for the period, was at 67.21 percent, an increase from the previous year's 61.12 percent.
We propose three-event study-based methods that are likely to correct the bias introduced by the ODA
Meanwhile, South Korea has offered $1 billion in ODA
to the Philippines during Duterte's trip to Seoul last month.