(38) Metal was a perfect vehicle for this right-wing "message rock," as Klaus Farin observes: "The metal sound was more clearly structured, contained more bombastic elements and more opportunities to integrate mid-tempo pieces and even ballads (unthinkable in Oi! punk) in order to make it easier to understand the lyrics." This change in style, argues Farin, mirrored the "change in mentality" represented by right-wing rock music.
This "law and order" outlook, as Klaus Farin has pointed out, had little in common with the anarchic and anti-authoritarian attitude of early British Oi! punk, but instead expressed the fears and prejudices of the petit bourgeoisie.
From the Jamaican reggae prized by the original skinheads, to the "Oi! punk" of the skinhead revival, to the "Nazi rock" associated with skinhead violence in the nineties, popular music has been the site at which ideas of subcultural "cool" and "authenticity," notions of race and ethnicity, and an increasingly radical politics come together and overlap.