Time series of catch and effort data were analyzed to estimate the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) of Indian oil sardine, Sardinella longiceps (Valenciennes, 1847, Family: Clupeidae), fishery resources from Pakistani waters.
Indian oil sardine (Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes, 1847) belongs to the family Clupeidae and local names are Tarli, Luar in Sindhi and Lugger, Luar in Baluchi language (Bianchi, 1985).
Along the coast of Oman, approximately 80% of sardine landings from the traditional fishery are contributed by the Indian oil sardine (Al-Abdessalam, 1995).
In the Sea of Oman, over 70% of coastal algal blooms are reportedly caused by the dinoflagellate, Noctiluca scintillans, which is a species actively avoided by the Indian oil sardine. High concentrations of Noctiluca usually lead to a scarcity of sardines (Nair, 1958).
The Indian oil sardine
Sardinella longiceps is considered to be an important small pelagic fish for the traditional Omani fishermen along the Omani coast (Figure 1).
The plant is not dependent on a single species, but can make use of a wide assortment of marine products ranging from pink perch and oil sardine
to seer fish, silver pomfret, bangada and ribbon fish.
The sustained yield for big pelagic fish such as tuna, skikpjack, firgate mackerel and marlin is 977,000 tons a year, and that of small pelagic fish such as Indonesian oil sardine
, stripped mackerel, etc.
Among these, the most abundantly used species were herring, silver pomfret, elongated sole, sardine, mangrove red snapper, mullet, grunter, sea perch, long-rayed silver, black sea bream, hilsa, catfish, sting rays, grunts, Indian threadfin, jaw fish, cobia, croaker, sciaenid, Indian scads, oil sardine
, Indian mackerels (Table I).
On a January morning, the Chellanam Fishing Harbour beach is strewn with silvery oil sardines
piled into red and yellow baskets.
I have been eating King Oscar Olive Oil Sardines
every evening for years.