oligodendrocyte

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Related to Oligodendrocytes: microglia, Astrocytes, Satellite cells, Ependymal cells

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

 (ŏl′ĭ-gō-dĕn′drə-sīt′, ō′lĭ-)
n.
Any of the neuroglial cells of the central nervous system that are responsible for the formation of myelin sheaths in the white matter and that, in the gray matter, are detectable using myelin staining techniques and may provide support for adjacent neurons.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

oligodendrocyte

(ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈdɛndrəʊsaɪt)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a glial cell involved in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oligodendrocyte - a cell of the oligodendroglia
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
oligodendria, oligodendroglia - tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

n. oligodendrocito, célula de la neuroglia que participa en pocos aunque delicados procesos.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In the developing brain, the three main cell types (i.e., neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes) are generated from neural stem cells.
Myelin sheath of neural fibers is synthesized by oligodendrocytes that conduct the nerve impulses in central nervous system (1).
Islamabad -- A new study is the first to suggest that the brain cells that multiple sclerosis attacks, called oligodendrocytes, may actually play a significant role in the development of the disease.
Myelin, a fatty substance produced by cells called oligodendrocytes, coats nerve fibers and enables electrical signaling in the brain and facilitates normal neurological function.
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disorder which causes severe disability in patients due to loss of myelin sheaths around axons as a result of the injury or death of adult oligodendrocytes. (1) During the development of glial cells, oligodendrocytes differentiate from oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) through the involvement of special intrinsic transcription factors such as oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (OLIG2), Nkx-2.2, and Sry-related HMg-Box gene 10 (SOX10); in addition, some inhibitory signaling pathways including Wnt and Notch, which are the result of their final performance, play critical roles in OPC differentiation into oligodendrocytes and the myelination process.
Formed by specialized cells called oligodendrocytes, myelin wraps and insulates nerve fibers to enable proper transmission of electrical signals in the nervous system.
Finding about the potential reversal came via the discovery that the oligodendrocytes that produce the myelin sheath are still functional after demylination, and may be induced to remyelinate the axons once the disease process is under control.
Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells are highly specialized myelin-producing cells of the CNS and peripheral nervous system (PNS), respectively.
This disease arises from the misfolding and accumulation of the protein ?-synuclein in oligodendrocytes, where it forms glial cytoplasmic inclusions killing neurons and glial cells.
A post-doctoral fellow in the laboratory of Patrizia Casaccia, MD, PhD, at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York, Moyon's current research focuses on the epigenetic marks, especially deoxyribonucleic acid metliylation and hydroxymethylation, of adult oligodendrocytes.
Those found in the brain, for example, can become neurons, astrocytes or oligodendrocytes. Neurons are cells that process and transmit information through electrical and chemical signals in the nervous system.