oligodendrocyte

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Related to Oligodendrocytes: microglia, Astrocytes, Satellite cells, Ependymal cells

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

 (ŏl′ĭ-gō-dĕn′drə-sīt′, ō′lĭ-)
n.
Any of the neuroglial cells of the central nervous system that are responsible for the formation of myelin sheaths in the white matter and that, in the gray matter, are detectable using myelin staining techniques and may provide support for adjacent neurons.

oligodendrocyte

(ˌɒlɪɡəʊˈdɛndrəʊsaɪt)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a glial cell involved in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.oligodendrocyte - a cell of the oligodendroglia
glial cell, neurogliacyte, neuroglial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
oligodendria, oligodendroglia - tissue consisting of glial cells with sheetlike processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
Translations

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

n. oligodendrocito, célula de la neuroglia que participa en pocos aunque delicados procesos.
References in periodicals archive ?
But clemastines mechanism of action is poorly understood, Chan said, and pharmacologically speaking it is a dirty compound: in addition to its effects on histamine and muscarinic receptors, it interacts with many other types of receptors, and it affects many types of cells besides oligodendrocytes.
Neural stem cells are generally accepted to produce three different cell types: neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes.
While most researchers use Brainbow to visualize connections between nerve cells in the brain, Alain Chedotal of the Institut de la Vision in Paris and colleagues customized the technique to trace networks of cells called oligodendrocytes.
Neuroscientists, biologists, and other researchers from Europe, North America, Australia, and Japan cover the isolation of neural stem cells from mouse, rat, and human tissues; methods of expansion for different neural stem cells, cryopreservation approaches, differentiation methods to generate neural stem cells from pluripotent stem cells, and to derive terminally differentiated neural sub lineages including neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes from neural stem cells; and cellular and molecular characterization methods.
When these cells don't mature properly, they don't differentiate into myelinating oligodendrocytes.
Oligodendrocytes are the cells that make myelin, the substance that surrounds nerve fibers.
In MS, oligodendrocytes are destroyed by the immune system.
The examination involved looking at spinal cord cells called oligodendrocytes.
The new technique involves directly converting fibroblasts - an abundant structural cell present in the skin and most organs - into oligodendrocytes, the type of cell responsible for myelinating the neurons of the brain.
The new technique involves directly converting fibroblasts -- an abundant structural cell present in the skin and most organs -- into oligodendrocytes, the type of cell responsible for myelinating the neurons of the brain.
Oligodendrocytes are thought to be involved in diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease, which are characterized by deterioration of myelin, and it is hoped that discoveries involving these glial cells may one day lead to therapies.
Offering an overview of current scholarship, the 10 articles of this collection examine the relationship between oligodendrocytes and neurons, and the critical role both cell types play in the central nervous system.