and menorrhagia are the most frequently seen menstrual disturbances in hypothyroidism.
The patients aged < 40 with PCOS indicated by oligomenorrhoea
and/or hyperandrogenism and/or hyperandrogenemia and/or typical features of ovaries on ultrasound scan were enrolled in this study.
The commonest association is of hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation; recognition of characteristic ovarian ultrasound features together with clinical symptoms of oligomenorrhoea
, hyperandrogenism, infertility or obesity is presently the preferred diagnosis.
Prevalence of polycystic ovaries in women with self-reported symptoms of oligomenorrhoea
and/or hirsutism: Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study.
None of the patients had serious systemic side effects only few had oligomenorrhoea
palpitation and gastric upset.
Results: Forty seven percent of patients presented with menorrhagia 28% presented with metrorrhagia 13% patients were having complaints of polymenorrhoea and 5% patients presented with dysmenorrhea and 7% had oligomenorrhoea
after tubal ligation.
Table 1: Signs and Symptoms of Hyperprolactinemia * Gynaecomastia * Galactorrhoea * Infertility * Menstrual irregularities: oligomenorrhoea
, amenorrhoea * Sexual dysfunction: decreased libido, impaired arousal, impaired orgasm * Acne and hirsutism in women (due to relative androgen excess compared with low estrogen levels) * Behavioural effects * Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) which may lead to increased risk of osteoporosis.
These women were having infertility, oligomenorrhoea
, obesity, hirsutism, fasting hyperinsulinemia.
2 The overall prevalence is reported to be 6% to 8% in general North American population, but the prevalence can be as high as 70% to 80% in women with oligomenorrhoea
and 60% to 70% with an-ovulatory infertility.
4) Thus, the term menstrual dysfunction was employed as a component of the female athlete triad, which includes luteal suppression, anovulation and oligomenorrhoea
in addition to primary and secondary amenorrhoea.
There are several causes for irregular periods, or Oligomenorrhoea
, such as a big weight loss, training hard or taking the pill.
It is associated with oligomenorrhoea
due to chronic anovulation, signs of excessive androgen levels and subfecundity.