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An ancient city of northeast Greece on the Chalcidice Peninsula. As head of the Chalcidian League after the late fifth century bc, it opposed the threats of Athens and Sparta but was captured briefly by Athens and subjugated by Sparta in 379. Philip of Macedon destroyed the city in 348.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient city in N Greece: the centre of Chalcidice
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(oʊˈlɪn θəs)

an ancient city in NE Greece, on the Chalcidice Peninsula.
O•lyn′thi•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Replying to another query, he said during these plantation initiatives, the KP forestry department was promoting Chilghoza (Pine nut) and Deodar in former FATA, also Deodar in Tirah Valley, Acacia in low lying areas, Acacia modesta (Phulai), Ziziphus and olynthus (commercial value plants) in other parts of the province.
(39) This abandonment came on the heels of Philip's capture and enslavement of Chalcidice in 349 and Olynthus in mid348 BCE, which became a turning point in Philip's war on Athens.
Using fourth-century BCE Olynthus and first-century CE Pompeii as contrasting cases, Mayer draws attention to the commercialization of the urban landscape as single-purpose houses gave way to streets lined with shops (tabernae), often integrated within the domestic context.
One of the first uses of artillery, by Alexander the Great's father, Philip of Macedon, at the Greek city of Olynthus in 349 BC, illustrates how old attitudes persisted amid new weapons.
Prof Spawforth said that Ephippus was no fan of the world-conqueror, whose father Philip had destroyed his home city of Olynthus in 348 BC.
She would make greater use of archaeological evidence, with good effect in the case of Olynthus, and in the case of Classical Athens she finds a correlation between the archaeological and textual evidence that points to the continuum between city and family practices.
(9) A similar dynamic is at work in Demosthenes' presentation of himself as a leader of a theoria at 21.115, as sponsoring campaigns in Euboea and Olynthus at 21.161, and passages about Meidias' incompetence in foreign affairs (21.132-5, 163-7, 173).
In the Villa of Good Fortune in the Greek town of Olynthus an elaborate pebble floor pavement bears a frieze of sixteen maenads, Pan, and a satyr framing the central rectangular image of Dionysos in a panther chariot.
The development of a similar interface (also at www.stoa.org) for Nicholas Cahill's independent study of the household assemblages of Olynthus promises another opportunity for examining domestic activities from the ancient world.
For example, Nick Cahill is using his research on Olynthus as part of his course materials, supplementing his scholarly book with online materials, and Christopher Blackwell and a group of collaborators are creating online resources and a public forum related to Athenian democracy.