And so I looked at the literature and found myself embroiled within diverse and difficult discussions of logical versus evidential arguments, of skeptical theism versus friendly atheism, on questions of the attributes of the divine, such as omniscience and omnipotence and omnibenevolence
, and on the possibilities of possible worlds, and the question of whether among these there would be a best one.
This argument assumes omnipotence, omniscience and omnibenevolence
for God and that he exercises, in particular, the first at all times without regard for allowing freedom of all things to "become" on their own.
Google's omniscience and omnibenevolence
, among other divine
Though this body of reality is regarded as an ultimate principle, establishing the basis for such properties of buddhahood as those of omniscience and omnibenevolence
, it is not to be thought of as a personal divinity or as a creator.
Indeed, God must be able to grasp these for several reasons: (1) because he otherwise would not be omniscient, (2) because his omnibenevolence
requires comparative preferences, and (3) because his omnipotence would otherwise be impeded as well, since the full exercise of any power (including creative power) requires knowledge of the range of alternatives lying within one's power.
Because the first three approaches theologically backfire--that is, they deny the qualities of existence, omnipotence, and omnibenevolence
traditional believers consider essential to their notion of God--this fourth approach is heavily relied upon by theologians.
The incompatibility of omnipotence and omnibenevolence
was recognized by Epicurus more than 2,400 years ago:
Furthermore, because contradictions result, he stresses that it is not possible for god to have all of the following characteristics: omniscience, omnipotence, omnibenevolence
, and transcendence (surprisingly, there is no discussion of divine omnipresence).
the notion of divine omnibenevolence
is shockingly permissive morally, to the point of sanctioning the justice of the Holocaust